--Original published at RachelsCollegeBlog
There are two different types of treatment for major depressive disorder. These two treatments are psychotherapy, which is counseling or therapy, or medication to help with the illness. Depression is very common in the United States and both treatments have been used and both work effectively.
“Psychotherapy vs. Medications: The Verdict Is In” is one of the articles that I found that supports psychotherapy as the better treatment option for mental illnesses. Though, antidepressants and antianxiety medications have the highest rate of prescription around the world. Most studies show that there is an advantage of not taking the drugs and going straight to the therapy. There is also concern that drugs may not treat the illness and can also add to it unfavorable side effects. This article is credible as the author is Susan Krauss Whitbourne, and she has a Ph. D. in this area of study
Another source that I found was “Are Antidepressants and psychotherapy equally effective in treating depression?” which is written by Michael A. Sugarman. This is a credible source as it was published in Issue 6 of the Journal of Mental Health. This research showed that psychotherapy is the better long-term treatment. The medication had positive short-term effects, but psychotherapy had better long-term effects. People who did go with the treatment of medicine, have a great chance of relapse following the medicated treatment.
Another source that I came across was “Cognitive Therapy vs Medication in the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Depression”. The authors/researchers of this study consisted of people all containing a Ph.D. making the information for this source reliable. This source did a study on the effects of both medication and psychotherapy. This study expressed that, after a second analysis of the study, people who were more severely depressed had better outcomes when they used medication to treat their illness. This finding has led to the recommendation, for people who have moderate to severe depression, to use medication for a treatment first before trying to use psychotherapy.
The final source that I came across was “Comparative Efficiency and Acceptability of 21 Antidepressant Drugs for the Acute Treatment of Adults with Major Depressive Disorder.” This is a reliable source as it was a study published in volume 391 of The Lancet. It is a study conducted by people who have obtained there Ph.D. or MD. This was a recent study on the efficiency of antidepressants. The results were able to conclude that antidepressants were very effective, when it came to treating major depressive disorder in adults. Though, the efficiency slightly varied going across different age groups as well as the cause for depression for someone. Though, some antidepressants are more efficient them others are. Sertraline and Paroxetine are just a couple that the article mentioned that had one of the higher responses when treating depression.
I think that psychotherapy is the better treatment for depression. Though, antidepressants and other medications can help someone struggling with depression, it is often not a permanent solution. People that go through psychotherapy, take a bit longer to get to a less depressive state, but they are less likely to relapse and go back into a severe depressive state, as they are often given different techniques that they are able to use to help them deal with their illness.
Whitbourne, S. K., Ph.D. (2015, July 21). Psychotherapy vs. Medications: The Verdict Is In.Retrieved December 2, 2018, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201507/psychotherapy-vs-medications-the-verdict-is-in
DeRubeis, R. J. (2005, April 01). Cognitive Therapy vs Medications in the Treatment ofModerate to Severe Depression. Retrieved from https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/208460
Sugarman, M. A. (2016). Are antidepressants and psychotherapy equally effective intreating depression? A critical commentary. Journal of Mental Health,25(6), 475-478. doi:10.3109/09638237.2016.1139071
Cipriani, A., Frurkawa, T., Salanti, G., Chaimani, A., Atkinson, L., … & Ogawa, Y., (2018).Comparative efficacy and acceptability of 21 antidepressant drugs for the acute treatment of adults with major depressive disorders: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. The Lancet. 391(10128), 1357-1366. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32802-7