First Impression: Parenting

--Original published at Cecilia's Thoughts

There are many kinds of parenting styles, some similar and some very different and then some in between, from lighthouse to helicopter parenting. Lighthouse parenting is basically to love your children infinitely and let them make their own mistakes and learn from them. On the opposite end of this is helicopter parenting which is called this because the parent hovers over the child’s life from birth on throughout their whole life. This type of parent plans out their child’s life from the very start and micromanages their child with everything. Somewhere in the middle of these two is known as dolphin parenting, this means that the parents set rules and have expectations, but they allow their children to also have independence and to make their own mistakes.

To raise the most successful and happy children I believe parents must be somewhere in the middle of the spectrum, like a dolphin parent. In order to have a this outcome for your child, the dolphin parenting is the best option because it allows the child to see boundaries, rules, and guidelines in a sort, but the child also has enough freedom to make their own mistakes and learn from them themselves. This gives the pathway for a child to know right from wrong because of what their parents taught them, but he/she is not being micromanaged to the point where they experience nothing for themselves. It is important to have guidance from parents, but not everything planned out for the child. Dolphin parenting sums up what I believe is best when raising a child, which I think will raise a happy, healthy, and successful person.


Extra Credit- Miguel Scenario

--Original published at Cecilia's Thoughts

Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommate. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.

Based on psychodynamics, his problem is not actually with his roommate, he actually has internal issues going on which is why he is such a perfectionist and gets mad at even himself. Psychodynamics focuses unconscious desires and thoughts rather then his conscious desires.

Behavioral psychology is the study of only observable behaviors, meaning it has nothing to do with thoughts, but just studying a person’s actions. Miguel may have experienced his parents or others around him being irritable and fighting with one another which is why he may act in this way.

Humanistic psychology is a strength-based approach that focuses on personal growth and freedom to choose. Using humanistic psychology, Miguel might be struggling because he feels he has no worth because he is behind with his coursework and with this he then struggles with sleep, and his general mood. He has trouble believing that he can do anything right, which is what humanistic psychology is trying to help, this approach looks for a person’s personal best. Since he has such a negative outlook on himself, this could be the cause of the negativity towards others around him.

Cognitive psychology is an approach that looks at the brain’s processes of memory, learning, and thinking. This approach can be used to describe why Miguel is feeling so behind and overwhelmed. Miguel could have a memory problem, and in college courses, you are given a lot of information that you are expected to remember, this frustration can be the cause of the other problems he is experiencing. Which used cognitive psychology to determine the cause of the problems he is having.

Miguel’s cognitive problems can also be the root of the neuroscientific outlook neuroscience is how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences, so if he has trouble with memory, his problems in coursework can be traced back to neuroscience.  

Cultural psychology is the study of the different cultures and societies and how the differences affect a person’s thinking. Miguel could have been raised in a home and culture where there was a lot of hostility and fighting which would describe why he is fighting with his roommate.


Research Methods

--Original published at Cecilia's Thoughts

In this experiment the MythBusters crew is testing whether females or males can sense emotions better. Their hypothesis was that females are able to read people’s emotions better than males are. They tested this by having four of the team members to make basic facial expressions; sad, happy, mad, and confused. They then cut out everything of the face except the team member’s eyes. A group of people, both men and women came and sat in a chair and looked at a projector and were showed the images of the eyes and were asked what expression the person was making. They tested each person one at a time and recorded their answers. Generally the women answered faster and more accurately, having an average answers correct of 10.6, whereas the men scored 9.6. The MythBusters believed there was going to be a larger gap between the scores, but their hypothesis was still proved to be correct. 

This experiment had both strengths and weaknesses where it can be improved. One weakness of this experience is the simple fact that not everyone expresses emotions in the same way, some people may show their emotions very prominently on their face whereas, like in the experiment Jamie Hyneman had the same facial expression for every emotion (which they then did not use his pictures in the experiment), some people do not wear their emotions on their face. Which raises another question, can you really test which gender can sense emotions more accurately by solely relying on who can recognize facial expressions better? This error alone can lead to other experiments that are branched off of this. Another possible error is that the pictures are of the people who are recording the results, so the test subjects are looking at the actual people in the pictures which could have aided in deciding which emotion the person in the picture was showing. A positive of this experiment is like what I have already discussed, they developed a clear hypothesis that they tested. Another strength of this experiment is that they tested more than just one male and one female.

Overall, I think this short-slip from MythBusters questioning if males or females were better at recognizing emotions was informative. Though I think that further questions should be asked about how a person, male or female, can detect emotion and which gender can do it more accurately.



--Original published at Cecilia's Thoughts

Introductory psychology was a necessity for my first semester here at Elizabethtown for the simple reason that I love psychology and learning about how the human brain works and why people are the way they are. In high school I took a psychology course that was very basic where we learned the anatomy of the brain, diseases of the brain, and scientists who developed psychology. After taking that psychology course when I hear the world psychology I think of how a person’s mind works, how the brain can develop diseases and how it affects each and every person’s life. Three topics on the course list that seem very interesting to me are addiction, attachment theory, and cognitive development. I find addiction interesting because it directly relates to the people around me, I am eager to learn about attachment theory because it intrigues me how people become so attached to another person and I want to know why that is. Cognitive development is also interesting to me because I am not very familiar with the topic, but I would like to be. Three topics that are not so interesting to me are how to choose a therapist because I think that this topic is not as related to the actual workings of the brain as some of the other topics. Power of the situation does not seem very interesting because I am not quite sure what it is, the title does not provide me with enough information to decide. A final topic that does not spark my interest is operant conditioning because of the same reason, I am not quite sure what it is. I am very excited to take this course and learn more about the human brain and psychology.