Chapter 4 First Impression

--Original published at Chey's Blog

I chose to make an eight stage development cycle like Erik Erikson did previously. It goes as follows:

Infant to 18 Months: Safety vs Fear

18 Months to 5 Years: Moral vs Immoral

6 to 7 Years: Inclusive vs Exclusive

8 to 14 Years: Individuality vs Group Mentality

15 to 20 Years: Identity vs Anonymity

20 to 36 Years: Control vs Crisis

35 to 60 Years: Fulfillment vs Dissatisfaction

60 and Older: Contentment vs Discontentment

Safety vs Fear: When infants are beginning to develop they trust easily, but when they are afraid of something they lose that sense of trust as well as any sense of safety they felt. When there is safety there is no fear. But in the absence of safety an infant would feel fear. An infants interaction with the world around them would teach them what to fear and what not to fear. Parents play a role in that teaching as well.

Moral vs Immoral: Children are taught by their parents what is moral and what is immoral. When children do something ‘wrong’ they are disciplined by their parents. If they do something ‘right’ they are often praised. In early childhood morals are one of the basic concepts taught by parents and that moral compass tends to follow children throughout their lives.

Inclusive vs Exclusive: Children learn what they do and don’t like pretty early in life as well. If children like something they will include it into their lives. If they don’t like something they will exclude it from their lives. For example, if a child doesn’t like peas, but does like grapes, they will include grapes into their diet and exclude peas.

Individuality vs Group Mentality: As children develop into adolescents they learn how they want to express themselves individually. But they won’t always express themselves as individuals. Society targets adolescents with standards and norms to make them feel as though they need to follow the crowd and be part of a group. Their individuality could be hidden by the group that they associate with.

Identity vs Anonymity: During this stage people are figuring out what their identity truly is along with their sexuality. People often express their true identity during these years more than they did during previous years. In opposition to that some people don’t want to be noticed. They blend in with others and avoid being their own person, which is where the anonymity portion comes in.

Control vs Crisis: During this period adults want to have control of their lives. They want to have a plan that is full-proof that they can continue on for the years to come. If they don’t have a sense of control there will be crisis. A lot of people refer to this as a ‘mid-life crisis.’

Fulfillment vs Dissatisfaction: At this stage in life an individual has completed the goals they’ve set for themselves. They’ve done what they set out to do in their life. Either that or they haven’t accomplished these goals and they’re dissatisfied with their life. They can still try to reach these goals or they will settle with feeling despair due to the outcome of their life.

Contentment vs Discontentment: In the late stages of life individuals feel content with their lives. They are satisfied and aren’t wanting for more than what their life has offered them. In contrast they feel discontent. They aren’t happy with the outcome of their life and they end up being unhappy with their last stages.


Chapter 1 Propmt

--Original published at Chey's Blog

I have always been interested in psychology. I intend to be an art therapist after I graduate. My research question is associated with that. Would a patient making art help to bring forth repressed memories more than talk therapy? My hypothesis is that both art and talk therapy would have relatively similar outcomes without one surpassing the other. I think that types of therapy work better depending on the individual, but I would like to find out if that is true or not. I would start by finding trauma patients. In that pool of patients I would have a random selection. I think that the outcome would be better if I had a random selection of those patients. I would then do four tests with each patient. I suppose I could do more tests, but I feel that four tests would provide me with a good amount of information to form a conclusion. Two of those tests would be with talk therapy and two of them would be with art therapy. If these patients already have a psychologist I would have their psychologist conduct a session while I sat and observed. I think comfort levels of the patients would also help with collecting correct data. I would then observe the patient’s ability to recall repressed memories when using both types of therapy. Observing the behavior of the patients as well as how they respond when questioned about their memories would be the way that I collect my data. I would then record the results and come to my conclusion. Then I would have my work peer reviewed to insure that my data is correct.

Introduction Post

--Original published at Chey's Blog

Hello everyone! My name is Cheyenne and I chose to take this class because I’m fascinated with cognitive psychology. I really enjoy studying the mind and the way it works so psychology is one of my majors along with studio art. I took college level psychology courses in high school and did a little studying on my own as well. When I think of the word psychology I think of the study of the mind and behaviors. Cognitive and moral development and personality theory seem to be the most interesting topics in my mind. The scientific method, obedience, and power of the situation seem the least interesting to me. The one question I would like to have answered by the end of this class is: what is the best way to treat mental illness in others?