--Original published at LivsCollegeBlog
For this weeks first impression post, I decided to go with option 1. I evaluated the 4 major types of psychotherapy, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, and humanistic, and rated them according to which I thought would be the most helpful if I were to need therapy. I started by defining each type of psychotherapy. Psychodynamic therapy views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences. These childhood experiences are what led to the individuals current state of being. I rated this therapy as being the least helpful because I dislike how it mainly just aims at explaining why individuals feel the way they feel, failing to actually provide ways for the individual to alleviate their feelings. Humanistic therapy attempts to reduce the inner conflicts that interfere with natural growth and development. Therapists aim to boost people’s self-fulfillment by helping them grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance. Clients should take immediate responsibility for their feelings and actions, rather than uncovering hidden causes. I rated this therapy as slightly more helpful than psychodynamic therapy, but not the most helpful. I dislike how individuals would just be talking about their feelings and realizing why they feel the way they feel, without taking actions to fix anything. Behavioral therapy applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. Therapists don’t look deep into the problems, they simply refer to the problems themselves as the problems. There are many therapies within behavioral therapy that aim to eliminate these unwanted problems. I rated behavioral therapy as more helpful than humanistic therapy, but still not the most helpful. I like how behavior therapy just goes straightforward with everything. “Here are your problems, let’s fix them.” The different types of therapies actually aim at fixing or getting rid of the problems. Cognitive therapy teaches new, more adaptive ways of thinking. It is based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and emotions. Therapists aim to change the way an individual thinks about a certain event in hopes to alleviate the way the individual is feeling. The example given in the book shows the cognitive perspective on psychological disorders. An individual loses their job and thinks that they’re worthless and it’s hopeless, leading to depression. Cognitive therapy aims to change the individual to think that losing their job was because it wasn’t a good fit and they deserve something better, leading to no depression. I rated cognitive therapy as the most helpful because it aims the change the way one thinks. Personally, I think about things more often than I act on things, so cognitive therapy would be more helpful to me than behavioral therapy. Each therapy has its benefits and disadvantages and some may work better than others for other people. It is all unique to the individual.