Chapter 4- First Impression Post

--Original published at Isabella's Psychology Blog

Every parent hopes their children grow up to be happy, healthy, and productive members of society. Though when it comes to what way children should be raised in order to produce happy productive members of society, many parents tend to have different opinions. The three different parenting styles are strict parents, laid-back parents, and a type of parenting in between the two. Of the three parenting opinions I think that the parenting style in between is the best.

This is because strict parenting (helicopter parenting)  deprives their children of their freedom. Since strict parents try to take control of their children’s entire life. So while the strict parents’ children may stay out of trouble to their parent’s knowledge, the children are more likely to get into trouble the second they are out of their parents to reach of control. Another result of strict parenting is that their children don’t know how to function without their parents or the children growing up to be very strict.

A laid-back parenting style is also not the best parenting system. Since the laid-back parent is very hands off and lets their children do whatever they want. Unfortunately, this means that some parents take this as far as never saying no or making their children wait while growing up. This extreme take on laid-back parenting is that the children become entitled and hold a warped view of society. For the parents that do not take laid-back parenting to an extreme, their kids are more independent and are less likely to rebel against their parents in the future. Though the lack of structure may make the children more likely to make more mistakes in their life.

For the parenting style that I think is the best is the common ground between the two extremes of strict and laid back parents. The parenting style of the common ground has the parents have some rules for their children to follow but allows their children to make choices. So this parenting style has both the positive and the negative effect of the other parenting styles. Resulting in the children of the common ground parenting style are still likely to rebel against their parents but the children will have some independence. So compared to the other parenting style I feel that the common ground parenting style is the best.

First Impressions Post: MythBusters

--Original published at Isabella's Psychology Blog

MythBusters is an amazing TV show that was dedicated to either proving or disproving myths. One of the myths on the show was that hands-free devices improve driving safety. When trying to either prove or disprove this myth they created two testing methods.

The first method used was tested only by the two hosts of the show, Adam Savage, and Jamie Hyneman. This was my biggest critique of this method since this is an abysmally small testing group. Another weakness that was caused by having this small of a testing group is that both participants were both in the experimental group and the control group. So if one of the hosts running the show had a bias he could have been unconsciously or consciously driving worse during some parts of the experiment.

Though despite my previous complaints on the first method of testing if hands-free devices improve driving safety, it did have some good aspects. To summarize, the person participating in the experiment had to drive through an obstacle course twice while taking a survey on the phone, once holding the phone and once using a hands-free device. Another thing that the MythBusters did in their first method had one of them hold the phone during their first time on the obstacle course, then the other used the hands-free phone on his first time on the obstacle course. I really liked that did this since it eliminated the confounding variable of familiarity of the obstacle course. For the phone conversations during driving, they found a way to eliminate the confounding variable of a dull conversation. This was done by having the driver take a survey over the phone while driving. After this method of the experiment was done they concluded based off of their results that the safety risk of driving while holding the phone and while using a hands-free device had no significant difference. Though the MythBusters opted to continue the experiment by trying a different method.

For the MythBusters second method for testing, if hands-free devices improve safety, I liked it much better. Since in the second method it fixed my main complaint from the first method of the experiment of not having a large enough testing group. In the second method of the experiment, there was a testing group of thirty people. Fifteen people were placed in the control group (Holding the phone while driving) and then the other fifteen people were placed in the experimental group (Hands-free device while driving). Each participant drove in a state of the art fully immersive driving simulator while following a navigation system. A person failed the simulation if they did not follow the navigation system or hit a computer generated car or computer generated person. All participants also had their eye contact on the road tracked where they were driving.

Overall I liked this method of the experiment better since it had a larger test group. Though in my opinion, I think that the experiment and control groups could have been bigger. My one complaint of the experiment though was that the procedure for the phone conversations while driving was not explained. From the video, it looked like they weren’t doing the survey like they were doing a survey over the phone like they did in the first method of the experiment. This allows for the confounding variable of a more exciting and distracting conversation may have on a driver to exist. So I would eliminate this confounding variable by having all the drivers take a survey.

Getting Started

--Original published at Isabella's Psychology Blog

Hi, I’m Isabella Panzica and this is my blog for Psychology 105. Some fun facts about me are that I love to read and I am an Industrial Engineering Major. During the summer I work at my family’s ice cream store and try to catch up on my reading. Since I can never find the time to read while at school. I try to work hard at everything I do and this class is no exception.

For my major, taking psychology 105 is a requirement, though I genuinely am interested in the class.  I don’t have a big background in psychology though in the past I have occasionally read or watched documentaries involving mental health, mental disabilities, and the brain. Then I took a literature class my freshman year where we read one of Freud’s works. In the same class, we also discussed time as a contract theory. My brother also has autism so I grew up with my family talking about mental disabilities and advocating for getting kids with disabilities more support at school.

When I think of psychology I associate it with mental disabilities, mental health, the brain, and therapy.

Though despite those being the first things I associate with psychology and I do find them interesting; they are not what I find the most interesting topics on the course schedule. The top three topics that I am the most psyched (pun intended!) to learn about are sleep, stress, and memory. Since I feel that learning by learning about sleep it can help me with finding a trick to feel more well rested. Also, I heard of R.E.M sleep, light sleep, and deep sleep but I have no idea what they mean. So I’m curious to learn more about those sleep terms as well. Then stress is never fun so I want to learn more about it so I can use my knowledge to become less stressed. Then I am interested in the topic of memory because I want to improve my memory since it is horrible. I can never seem to remember dates, names, or schedules. Also, I heard about false memories (the Mandela effect) and I find them fascinating.

The least interesting topics on the course schedule are the scientific method, the Brain, and chemicals and conditioning. I’m not really interested in scientific method since in high school they really beat that topic to death. I think I had at least four different classes teach the scientific method. So while I understand why it’s important and useful to know, I’m just not as interested in it as the other topics. When it comes to the Brain: Micro-level I’m not that interested in it because I feel like that is a topic where we need to memorize a lot of scientific terms and parts of the brain. So with that combined with my horrible memory, it does not look like its going to be that fun for me. I feel the same way towards the topic of chemicals and conditioning as well. Since I feel like I might struggle with the terminology and that is making me not feel that excited towards it.

Though on a more positive note is that I have a list of questions that I look forward to having answered by this class. These questions are:

  • Is the Mandela effect considered a cause of mass false memories and are there any research being done on it? Also are there any theories in the psychology world about this?
  • What does R.E.M sleep, light sleep, and deep sleep mean?
  • What are the biggest ethical debates currently going on?
  • Did we ever answer the question about nature versus nurture?
  • I heard about a sleep schedule where you only sleep in two-hour intervals throughout the day that is supposed to keep you better rested with overall less sleep. Is that a real concept?
  • What is the biggest psychological misconception?

The way to get started is to quit talking and start doing. – Walt Disney