Johari Window Bonus Blog Prompt

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I thought the Johari Window was an interesting assignment. I decided to send my link to my soccer team since we are together a lot and they would be able to see my personality better than anyone else. For the most part everyone that did my Johari Window picked at least one of the personality traits that I did as well, which didn’t surprise me too much because I like to think that I am a pretty readable person. As far as validity, I think that this could go either way. Since this is a face valid assessment it can be easy for one to select traits that would make them look good (or vice versa) that others may not agree with. Also, if someone does not like you they could select bad traits to make the individual look bad, or the opposite, people could just be putting nice things because they’re afraid to be honest since the owner of the window can see what they put. On the other side, I believe that this assessment can potentially be fairly valid if the right people take the window. If people are open and honest this assessment can be really eye opening to people and they can discover things about themselves that they did not know before. For me, some people selected traits such as cheerful, energetic, and brave, which are words that I would never think to describe myself as. I think it would be even more valid (and interesting) to see how the results would vary if it was a completely anonymous assessment.

Spotlight Blog Post 2 (option 3)

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I think most kids can think back and remember their days in elementary/middle school with D.A.R.E. (at my school we used a program called T.E.A.M.). The overall goal of this program is prevent drug use among children, but some would say that the end result was quite the opposite. There are several reasons why people believe that this program was ineffective.

The first reason why people believe that this program did not work is because it is counterproductive. It was found that there was a higher rate of drug use among high school students that had went through the D.A.R.E. program compared to those students who did not. What is believed to have lead to this increased rate of drug use is the exposure at such a young age. These elementary school/middle school aged kids were being taught about different drugs at a young age. As they got older and are potentially  in situations where these drugs are present, they remember these lessons and their curiosity is triggered . Due to these findings, the D.A.R.E. program lost federal funding in 1998.

Others would say this program was ineffective due to the way in which it was taught. Before reforms were made, officers would just stand in front of a class and lecture them for 45 minutes straight, with the occasional interactive simulation where a student pretends to be in a situation where drugs are being offered and has to make a decision. The program that was created as a result from the failed D.A.R.E. program is called “keepin’ it REAL”. The biggest difference between these two programs goes back to the way they are taught. Keepin’ it REAL is not aimed to be an anti-drug program, rather, it is focused on decision making skills, in hopes that kids will be more honest, safe, and responsible when stuck in difficult situations.

Although the D.A.R.E. program was not as successful as the founders hoped it would be, I still think that it is important that children are taught about these harmful substances. I can definitely see how children becoming aware of these drugs at a young age can spark their curiosity later in life, but I also think that if they are informed about what these drugs can do to them, then no one can be at fault for their decision to try them. This then brings up the question, “should similar abstinence-based programs be used in schools?” Based on the failed results of the D.A.R.E. program, most people would probably say no, they should not be used in schools. For example, if a sexual education program is implemented, and a similar pattern follows, you might see the rate of sexual activity among adolescents, STDs, and even teen pregnancies increase. Again, I think I would have to take the side that as long as they are informed about the dangers of what can come from sexual activity who can really be at fault? These children are being given the information they need to make the right decisions and I do not think that these programs can be the blame for their decision not to make the right one. That being said, I do think that abstinence-based programs should be used in schools.

Works Cited

Wolchover, N. (2012, March 27). Was D.A.R.E. Effective? Retrieved from https://www.livescience.com/33795-effective.html
Nordrum, A. (2014, September 10). The New D.A.R.E. Program-This One Works. Retrieved from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-new-d-a-r-e-program-this-one-works/
Cima, R. (2016, December 19). DARE: The Anti-Drug Program That Never Actually Worked. Retrieved from https://priceonomics.com/dare-the-anti-drug-program-that-never-actually/

Chapter 9 First Impression Prompts – Intelligence (option 2)

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I think Governor’s decision was not a good one. He was making this decision based on his personal beliefs and interests. The article references a professor from the University or Toronto, who even studies infant’s perception of music, who states that there is not enough evidence out right now to back up the claim that having infants listen to soothing music can help develop their brain connections. $105,000 is a lot of money out of the state’s budget to spend without solid evidence that this would even make an impact on the baby’s development. It is also a lot of money to spend if the cassettes will only be used when the child is a baby, which is such a short portion of their lives. I think there are other, more simple ways to help develop a child’s brain, such as reading to them every night. I also believe that the impact the music would have on the baby depends on their genes. If their parents are musically inclined then there might be a good chance that their child could be too, but on the other hand, if they are not then the baby might not reap the benefits. Personally for me, I know I get my taste in music from my mom and classical music would not be vert stimulating for me. When Governor Miller played classical music for the lawmakers and then asked them if they felt smarter I thought in my head how listening to classical would make me feel; tired and very unstimulated.

Chapter 11 First Impression Prompts – Stress (option 1)

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Stress is something that I deal with daily, especially this semester. Most of my stress comes when I think of all the things I need to do in a short amount of time. When this happens I like to make a checklist of all the things I need to do and then cross them off as they get completed. This helps me because it gives me a visual that shows I am actually getting stuff done. Another way I destress is by rewarding myself when I finish an assignment or study for a certain amount of time. The rewards usually consist of a few minutes on my phone or watching an episode of a show on Netflix. This really helps motivate me because I know if I just get my work done I will get something good out of it. My stress mainly comes down to a lack of time management. One way I can help myself not get too stressed in the first place could be working ahead of schedule. Working ahead of schedule and doing a few smaller assignments over the weekend rather than saving it all for the week to follow will allow me to spend more time on the big things that cause me the most stress, such as studying for an exam. Having more time to study for exams and feeling more prepared would definitely lower my stress levels. As cliche as it may sound, another stress relief technique I think I should consider is different breathing exercises and clear my mind. When I’m super stressed I get really overwhelmed and just want to break down, but I think if I just take a breather and let myself regroup I will be more relaxed and focused to get my work done.

Chapter 3 First Impression Prompts – Sleep (option 2)

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I think my current sleep habits right now are not awful, but I constantly feel exhausted. A lot of this I think can be attributed to how much busier and more worn down I am this year than last. This is my first year on the soccer team here and it really has been a huge adjustment from last year that I am still getting used to. It really consumes a majority of my time and is exhausting. Typically after practice/games I spend the rest of my nights doing homework or studying until 10 or 11 and then I’m ready for bed. A lot of times I even find myself falling asleep while I’m trying to do work. Typically then I would say I’m usually asleep by 12:30ish, which I think is about the same as most college students, if not earlier, but still isn’t great since I wake up at 7 AM. I feel like growing up I’ve always heard that 8 hours is the standard hours of sleep a person should get a night. I think that number is often hard to achieve with all the things I need to do in a single day, and usually average around 7 or 6 instead since I have class at 8AM everyday. To improve my sleeping habits I could try using the weekends more for getting my work for the week done rather than for relaxing. I usually just do my work throughout the week right before its due but it would definitely be more beneficial to get it done early so my weeknights are not as packed and I can go to bed earlier.

Spotlight Blog Post 1- Development

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Growing up I’ve had the privilege of having both of my parents together under one roof, however I have always had friends that grew up with divorced parents and have wondered how different my life would be if my parents were divorced. After doing some research I might have found an answer to my curiosity.

Although there are many differences from child to child and family to family, divorce can have some pretty negative effects on children. An article from American College of Pediatricians really gave me some insight on these effects ranging from emotional security to psychological maturation.  For starters, in a divorced family, the child will tend to spend less time with either parents whether its due to custodial arrangements or the fact that the mother/father may need to work more hours in order to keep up with a single income lifestyle. The lack of time being spent with parents can lead to weakened relationships between child and parent and leave the child without emotional support. This can be especially harmful depending on the age of the child. This separation can result in less language stimulation and lead to the children doing worse in school and receiving lower GPAs compared to children whose parents are still together. Divorce can also have very negative effects on a child’s physical and mental health according to an article from Marripedia. Physically, there is a substantial increase in injuries linked to divorce as well as an increased risk of asthma, or an asthma related emergency. Mentally and emotionally, children from divorced families tend to suffer from depression, anxiety, lower self-esteem, and see themselves as fault for their parent’s separation. From this article it appears that divorce can be most harmful to children between ages 12-15 as they attempt to speed up adolescence, and in that case you see early sexual activity and the abuse of drugs and alcohol. I found both of these sources to be credible since they both were .org, and not .com. They also both have a long list of references at the end of the article that come from various academic journals and studies from different universities that add to their credibility.

On the other side of things, divorce is not always that harmful long term to the children involved. An article from the Scientific American states that some of the effects of divorce such as anxiety and anger are short term and seem to disappear after the second year. A quantitative study done at the Pennsylvania State University followed children with married parents and then those who suffered through a divorce at different ages and compared their academic achievement, emotional and behavior problems, delinquency, self-concept and social relationships. The study showed very few differences between the two groups leaving the only conclusion that could be made was the majority of children handle divorce pretty well.   There is no doubt that divorce can cause difficulty in one’s life, and seem like the end of the world when it happens, but in the long run it is usually in the best interest of the family. It is not healthy for a child to grow up in an environment where the parents are constantly fighting and yelling at each other and  a child can really benefit from being in a household with one fully, well-functioning supportive parent. There are several benefits that can come from divorce as well. These benefits include children becoming more resilient and adaptable, they become more self sufficient, they develop a greater sense of empathy towards others, they are more conscientious when choosing their own spouse later in life, and they tend to learn more through quality time with their each parent individually. I found both of these sources to be credible because they both reference doctors and studies done to make their claims.

Based on my reading I’d have to say that children can in fact come through divorce without serious consequences. Divorce is such a common thing today that so many children go through and if it caused that much of an issue it would be talked about more. I also have many friends that have divorced parents, even my mom’s parents got divorced when she was a child, but they all have turned out fine and have been successful. If effects from divorce last long term, such as depression, there might be a greater cause of that and it cannot be blamed fully on the divorce.

https://www.canadianliving.com/life-and-relationships/relationships/article/5-positive-lessons-children-learn-from-divorce

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/is-divorce-bad-for-children/#

http://marripedia.org/effects_of_divorce_on_children_s_healthhttps://www.acpeds.org/the-impact-of-family-structure-on-the-health-of-children-effects-of-divorce

https://www.acpeds.org/the-impact-of-family-structure-on-the-health-of-children-effects-of-divorce

 

Chapter 3 (Drugs Section) First Impression Prompts (option 1)

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Although it has been legalized in some states, the use of marijuana both recreationally and medicinally is still a very controversial topic. Personally, I think both uses should be legalized, but I do see the pros and cons for both sides.

As far as pros go for the recreational use of marijuana, a lot of people use it not just for the way it makes them feel, but it helps them in other ways such as falling asleep or destressing after a hard day. This is also a very common and popular drug today and people do it whether it is legal or not so the legalization of it will only decrease the crime rate for possession of marijuana. It can also provide more jobs, such as farming, and revenue for the economy. Pros for medicinal use is plain and simple, it is used to make those that are ill feel better. I know it is used in some extreme cases, such as with cancer patients and it should be a goal of ours to make them feel as comfortable as possible during their illness.

Some negatives of the legalization of marijuana recreationally would come with the side effects and the way it impairs your brain. If it is legalized you would definitely see cases of people getting behind the wheel and putting their lives and other drivers’ lives in danger, much like when people drink and drive. A negative of the legalization of marijuana use for medicinal use could come after their illness is gone and they still continue to use this drug. I know marijuana is not an addictive drug, but this is a drug that a lot of people tend to use everyday once they get into it and it almost seems like an addiction, and then comes the danger of these people being out in the world driving or going to work high and not being able to do their job properly. In conclusion, if the day ever comes that marijuana is legalized everywhere there needs to be some rules set, for example, the amount one is allowed to purchase at once, in order to keep society safe.

Chapter 8 First Impression Prompt – Memory (option 1)

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I chose this blog post because I am really interested in and looking forward to learning what changes I can make to better my study habits. Right now I would say my study ethic is pretty poor. For most exams I do not start to crack down on the studying until about 2 days prior to the exam, which I know is a bad habit. I always just feel very overwhelmed when it comes to exams and try not to stress myself out too much.

For the most part when preparing for exams I tend to read the chapters in the textbook that I know the exam is based on. I try not to read too in depth and overwhelm myself, I skim and find the things that were emphasized by the professor during class time or in their powerpoint slides. I then go over the professor’s powerpoints if they have them posted on canvas and at the same time look over my notes as well, and depending on the class I will make flashcards with key terms and definitions on them. Lastly, if a practice exam is posted I always do that the day before because they typically mirror the real exam and I get to see how much I know or what topics I need to study more.

Specifically for our last exam the day before I read over the chapters and my notes, and did the practice exam. I definitely wish I would have studied more than just a day or two before the exam so that is definitely something I need to change for not just this next exam, but all of my exams because I follow this same pattern for all of my classes. I feel like when I wait until last minute like this I am trying to teach myself all the material the day before and it’s near impossible to remember everything.

Chapter 7 First Impression Prompts – Learning (option 1)

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I would have to disagree with Skinner’s belief that there is no such thing as free will. To me, I see operant conditioning as the way life flows. As humans we either continue to do things, or stop doing things based on the response to our actions. Obviously, if we get punished for doing something we will not do it anymore, and if we get rewarded for something, we will continue to do it. For operant conditioning we still have to think about, and have control over the actions we are doing. I think the  loss of free will comes into play with the concept of classical conditioning, where a certain stimuli makes us do automatically do something without really thinking about it.

Chapter 4 First Impression Prompts – Development

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Personally, I would not consider any of the three parenting styles the “best” way to parent and raise a child. You need to have a combination and balance of them all in order to achieve the ideal parenting style for producing children that are happy, healthy, and productive members of society.

The “tiger moms” use strict rules, discipline, and overall just drive their child really hard to succeed. These moms use this parenting style to promote success in both their child’s schooling and extra curricular actives, such as sports or learning an instrument. This style often reflects that of a Chinese culture. I think if a child grows up under this parenting they will not be happy with their lives. Not being happy with their lives can result in low self-esteem or depression because they never feel like they are good enough. This parenting can also lead to the development of a perfectionist personality because they grew up in a household where everything needed to be perfect, or else they would get punished.

“Jellyfish dads” have few rules and expectations and are essentially push overs to their kids. When I think of the product of this type of parenting I think of children that are spoiled and disrespectful, because they do not know any better. Due to the lack of respect and the impulsive behaviors these children grow up with I do not believe they would be able to be productive members of society, working for a boss, and listening to someone else’s rules or commands.

Helicopter parents are parents that tend to hover over their child, like a helicopter. They can be overcontrolling and overbearing. When I think of this term I think of a child that cannot do anything without the parent knowing their every move, or even a parent that does everything for their child, such as doing their school projects for them or picking their classes. Although this child might grow up “happy”, they will not develop any life skills because their parent(s) have always been there to do everything for them. This can result in a child growing up to not be able to be a productive member of society, or care for themselves or a family.

Overall, to achieve the “best” parenting style, you can’t pick just one. You have to have balance. There needs to be some rules and discipline, or else your child will run crazy, and can get themselves into some poor life choices. When it comes to extra curricular actives, I think it’s fine to reflect a more “jellyfish” parenting style. If the child wants to be good at something they will work at it, you cannot push them to the point where they hate doing something they once loved or always end up in tears. Being a helicopter parent isn’t always a bad thing either, for example if their child is doing poorly in school, they might need that hovering to get them on the right track.