Bonus Blog Prompt: Johari Window

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog


The Johari window gave me an outlet to really see how people view me. When I chose six traits I see in myself it was difficult, due to the fact that I do not see many good qualities in myself. For my 6 traits, I chose caring, giving, loving, mature, silly, and friendly. When comparing these six with the traits others had chosen for me, they chose five out of the six. The five they saw in me were caring, giving, loving, mature, and silly. The only one missing from their choices was friendly, which I would say, is wrapped in with the other five that they did choose. Also, there were 19 other traits that were chosen by friends and family that I did not choose in my initial six. What I learned from this process was that there are a lot more positive traits within me than I see in myself. While I may only see six does not mean that there are only five noticeable to others, in fact, there are 24 known to others. Even though there are many positives to this process, there are some issues with it. One example is the fact that you need to put in your name when you submit your responses. Even though you can put anonymous, if everyone else puts their name down, the person may be able to figure out who anonymous is. Also, there are not many options for traits that would be seen as “negative traits”. I believe that “negative” traits are just as important to learn as the “positive ones”. Overall, I really enjoyed this experience and learned that there are many other traits in me than I give myself credit for.


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Spotlight Post 2, Option 3 Drugs

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog

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Most high school students know of the “Drug Abuse Resistance Education” (DARE) program from when they entered high school health class. DARE is an abstinence-based education program, that teaches students how to “Just Say No” to drugs. Some background on the program is that it is taught once a week and lasts for about four months. During the course, they aim to teach students about the effects of drugs, avoiding them, and peer pressure. The program itself is led by police officers who have “completed eighty hours of training consisting of the curriculum of the program, child development, and classroom management skills. The officers are encouraged to demonstrate positive alternatives to harmful situations” (Critical 3). There have been some criticisms to the program, and questions over if the program is effective or not.

Time Magazine author, Jessica Reaves, wrote an article called “Just Say No to DARE”. In this article, she discussed the ineffectiveness of DARE and a couple of studies that were done to prove so. The study she discussed in her article was called “Project DARE: No Effects at 10-Year Follow-Up”. A group of one-thousand ten-year-old children was given a questionnaire about drug use and self-esteem. Then, ten years later, they were given the same questionnaire again. The findings were that the people in the DARE program were no less likely to use illegal drugs, or abuse substances than their peers without the DARE classes. Another study she researched was at the University of Illinois, and this study found that some high school seniors were more likely to use drugs. The author claims that the way that DARE handled their program actually pushed students away.

Another article I looked at was written by a group of women looking at DARE and other youth outreach programs and their effectiveness. A study conducted in Washington showed that there were some good outcomes from the program; however, they were not the objective that the DARE program hoped for. It showed that among students there “was an increase in appreciation for law enforcement authority. It was suggested as a good compliment to stress management, conflict resolution, decision making, and empathy awareness, (lessons already existing in the majority of the nations educational curriculums), and there was an increase in community confidence” (Critical 4). Even though none of these were objectives for the DARE program, it did some good in communities.

My opinion after reading these articles is that abstinence-based learning is not ideal for students. Another example of abstinence teaching is with sex education. Teaching children that the only option is avoiding it, may prove to just make them more interested in a topic. It may cause no change in the number of students engaging in sexual intercourse, or it may increase the amount students having sex. I believe that teaching about the cons of certain behaviors is important; however, students should also be aware of resources available to them. Giving students access to condoms, pregnancy tests, or programs that will help in case they get in trouble, is important. Another idea is to teach them outside of school hours, which would give them a place to go that is away from places with risks. Of course, it is not the same as a during school program; however, an after-school program would be a good use of time. It would not even have to be all teaching all the time, they could incorporate activities or events for students to go to. Overall, I think that abstinence-based teaching is not the best choice for students; however, teaching the cons is important. Giving students the resources to go for safety or for help is also very important.



Works Cited

Freiheit, Paige, et al. “A Critical Look at the D.A.R.E. Program and Effective Youth Programs.” EDGE, Standford, 26 July 1999,

Reaves, Jessica. “Just Say No to DARE.” Time, Time Inc., 15 Feb. 2001,,8599,99564,00.html.

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Chapter 10 First Impression Option: 2

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog

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Facial expressions are a very prominent feature of communication; especially, when we use them to express how we are feeling. We often use facial expressions in our daily conversations, and even if we are alone and smell a bad smell. Sometimes facial expressions can tell you more about how you are feeling than words can. Especially with me, I cannot always place my feelings into words, but my body language can relay information to another party. Since I use facial expressions and body language so frequently I thought I would do well when taking the “Emotional Intelligence Quiz”. This was not the case since I scored just slightly above fifty percent, scoring an 11/20. This shows me that I am not as good at reading other people’s facial expressions and body language. I truthfully thought I would do well on this quiz; however, a fifty-five percent is not close to a passing score in academic standards. I do believe that this test is credible since they do show you a breakdown of what makes the facial expression fit with the emotion they chose. Also, the website is created by the University of Berkeley, California. This leads me to believe that it is credible since it is a University and they probably did a lot of research on this topic. I tended to find emotions like sadness, disgust, or embarrassment similar because they both involved scrunching of faces. I think this test has shown me that I need to work on recognizing emotions better than I do now. I hope to take what I learned from the breakdown they gave after each question to help me figure out other people’s emotions.


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Chapter 11 First Impression Post

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog

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As a college student, I am very used to the feeling of stress, and not always the best at finding ways to alleviate the overwhelming feeling. I cannot say that I have the best stress management strategies and am overall a very large ball of stress. My two biggest ways to alleviate stress are hanging out with my friends and watching Netflix. I really enjoy being able to walk around Park City Mall or Target with my friends because I am able to socialize and get a bit of exercise while enjoying myself. My friends are the main reason why I have not collapsed under stress so far this year because they force me to leave my room and put my books down. Also watching something a tad bit mindless and something that does not take too much brain power relieves a lot of my stress. These tend to work pretty well for me because I am able to reduce the amount of brain power that I need to use. However, I do not believe that I use them as much as I should because still the majority of my time is dedicated to studying until my brain feels numb. This is not a healthy strategy; however, since I have anxiety no amount of studying that I do is enough for my brain to feel calm. I always feel guilty when I am with my friends or am watching Netflix because it is time that I could be studying. I do believe that I would get many benefits from adding in some more stress management strategies and making more time for them. I do see benefits in exercise and believe that I would benefit greatly from incorporating it into my daily life. It will be able to help me work out my stress and get my body a way to relieve the physical stress on my body. Overall, I would benefit greatly from adding some more stress management techniques and making time for them in my life.


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Chapter 3 First Impression Option 2: Sleep

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog


As a college student in the science major, I have found myself getting a lot less sleep than I used to. I try to lay down around 10 p.m and be off my phone by 10:30; however, it is becoming more and more likely for that time to be pushed back to 11 or 11:30. Being up a bit later on Tuesdays or Thursdays is okay for me because I can sleep in a bit because my first class is not until 12:30. On Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays however, I have Chemistry at 8 a.m. which I like to be wide awake for. It also does not help that if I am up past a certain time my body just decides it will be unable to fall asleep. Overall, I think that my sleep habits are decently healthy and that I can get enough sleep to function daily. I think sleep is extremely important for college students because you need sleep to promote mental health and give your brain a break. If you are constantly moving and not taking a break for sleeping and rest, it will have effects on your schoolwork and life in general. Most students see sleep as something to do if you have time but will not make time for it and will pull all-nighters. I think giving yourself, at the very least, seven hours a night will help improve mental health, and schoolwork activity. Then your brain can reset and get ready for another day of learning new information.  College is extremely difficult; however, in order to do your best, you need to be able to rest and give your brain time to slow down.

Chapter 3 First Impression Post #1

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog


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Marijuana is a popular topic in the media; due to, being an illegal substance with some positive benefits in the medical field. People with anxiety, arthritis, seizures, and even cancer can find some benefits in using marijuana. It can calm some symptoms and reduce pain in patients. Since it is being shown as a helpful force in the medical field, people are calling for its legalization for medical purposes. There is some controversy, however, because it is illegal for a reason, and over time may produce other health risks and addiction. Just like opioids, which is another controversial drug, there may be issues with an addiction forming. Also, there are risks with having a job and using marijuana. If you fail a drug test, this may cause job loss or other issues at work. Overall, I believe that medical marijuana should be legalized so long as they use extreme caution when prescribing it to patients. When on the job risks turn up there should be a doctor’s note given to the boss that explains why they may fail a drug test. I do realize that drug tests are not specific in testing for just one type of drug.

Recreational use is a bit more complicated because unlike with medical marijuana they do not remove THC. This can cause hallucinations and other strange things occurring to your mental state, just like with alcohol. However, alcohol is legal and can impair you as well so I can see it as being okay to legalize as well. I think that like alcohol, marijuana can be okay when used in small doses and not letting it get out of hand. Also, I think having regulations on it will help keep it under control a bit more. I think that legalizing it could be a good thing if used responsibly.

Spotlight Blog #1, Option #1 Divorce

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog

Image result for Goat family Divorce can be a messy situation; especially, when children are involved, because it will turn their lives upside down. Since divorce is becoming more common, so have the arguments being made on both sides on how it affects a child’s wellbeing. Most people have evidence to support their argument on either side, if it affects the child drastically, or not. There are cases to support both sides; however, you also need to look at the credibility of the sources giving you the information. If not, then you could be caught up with information that is not true or is twisted to make it appeal to their side. Both sides of the coin have reasons to believe whether a child is drastically affected, or not, by their parents getting divorced. Jann Gumbiner is a clinical psychologist, and child of a divorced set of parents, which makes her passionate on the issue of divorce on children’s well-being. Being educated in mental health and being in a child of divorce’s shoes herself makes her a credible source because she had first-hand experience, and has education on mental health. She aligns herself on the side of people who believe divorce is an awful event that happens to the child and will impact them for the rest of their lives. She finds divorce to be selfish on the parent’s part, because they are putting their well-being, over the well-being of their children. In her situation, she did not have a stable family life after her parent’s divorced. Neither of her parents were there to place rules and enforce them. Her father was no longer prominent in her life and her mother became depressed, this caused her to become depressed and rebellious. She became frisky with male teenagers, her grades kept slipping due to lack of motivation, and she began to stop studying. She also believes that it will affect children in the long-term, when they enter into relationships of their own. Her experience with this issue is when she entered her future marriage and knew that she could leave. Due to her parent’s divorce, she has a passion with this issue, and she voices how it affected her throughout her life. Another source that believes that divorce is bad for children’s well-being is Wayne Parker who wrote an article for “VeryWell Family”. Wayne Parker is a certified life coach, and the author of a parenting book called “Power Dads”. He did not have a personal touch with divorce like Jann Gumbiner, and used many outside sources in the form of journals or published books. He discussed the physical, emotional, and educational effects of divorce on children. Parker pulled facts from the Journal of Health and Social Behavior 29 (1985), which spoke about children being 50 percent more likely to develop physical health related issues than in two parent households. When discussing emotional effects he pulled from multiple sources which claimed that children are a lot more likely to develop depression or other mental health issues when their parents are divorced. For educational effects, he pulled from a book which claimed that children of divorce are two times more likely to drop out of high school. Overall, he uses sources, rather than personal experience, to develop a case for parents to stick together for the sake of their children’s health. On the other side of the argument people believe that children are drastically/ negatively affected by divorce. In contrast to the two sources above, Susan Pease Gadoua, believes that sometimes divorce can be better than being in an unhappy marriage. Susan Pease Gadoua is a licensed therapist, and she also is the author/ co-author of multiple books on divorce and marriage. She is a believer that parents who divorce may be doing the best thing for their child in certain situations. Children can sense tension and would be just as easily affected by tension between parents, as they would if the parents become divorced. If the parents fight or show that they are unhappy that will have effects on the child. If you leave and are much happier because of it, you can still raise happy children with bright futures. She also points out the fact that you cannot test whether a child is affected heavily by a divorce, because you cannot put two families in the same situation. Also, there are too many other variables that may be happening in one family, and not in the other family they are being compared to. Every situation and every family are different; however, there are steps parents can take to make a divorce less problematic for the children. In agreement with the author above are Andrew Cherlin and Frank F. Furstenberg Jr. are both professors, and authors of a few books on families. In their article to The Washington Post, they write about how each situation is different for each child and family. Sometimes children in the same families will handle the situation differently because some children are better at handling stress. They also critiqued the book “Second Chances: Men, Women and Children a Decade After Divorce,” by psychologist Judith S. Wallerstein and journalist Sandra Blakeslee” (Cherlin and Furstenberg 1). They talked about how the claims were exaggerated and that the study lacked randomization since the families were referred. The authors make the argument that parents who stayed together in conflict-ridden marriages may cause their children equal, if not more, amounts of pain. Another factor is how the custodial parent acts after the divorce. If the parent is angry or depressed, it will cause the child more pain to see their parent in that situation, and the parent cannot help the child recover. Divorce is becoming a much more common situation than it was in the past, and when children are involved it can make a complicated situation more complicated. People want to make sure that the child can continue to be happy and healthy and some se divorce as ruining their chance at happiness. Although, on the other end, people see divorce as unique to each situation and people will react differently. In my opinion I can see some points on both sides; however, I believe that everyone is different and will handle divorce differently. Communication is a key factor in divorce because the children will not always understand what is going on and will need help to understand. Telling them that it is okay to feel what they are feeling and be willing to listen, can go a long way. Overall, I can see that divorces can happen and that children will not always be worse off; however, staying in an unhappy marriage can cause issues as well.   Works Cited Cherlin, Andrew, and Frank F Furstenberg . “DIVORCE DOESN’T ALWAYS HURT THE KIDS.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 19 Mar. 1989, Gadoua, Susan   Pease. “Divorce Doesn’t Harm Children – Parents Fighting Harms Child.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 15 Nov. 2009, Gumbiner, Jann. “Divorce Hurts Children, Even Grown Ones.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 31 Oct. 2011, Parker, Wayne. “Statistics About Divorce and the Impact It Can Have on Children.” Verywell Family, Verywellfamily, 25 Sept. 2018,  

Chapter 8 First Impression Option 1

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog

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Studying is a necessity in college, and you need to find a process that works best for you which I am still trying to figure out. My old study habits included studying the day before an exam and trying to cram it all in. My mind did not take that well and once I came to college and started my science courses, it was clear that needed to change. So far this semester I have not done my best work on exams and it may be that I need to block out more time in advance to start studying. I still am a fan of index cards, and Quizlet, in order to learn vocabulary, it helps them stick in my brain and remember them for a good amount of time if I continuously drill it into my brain. For the first exam, I started studying three days in advance. I studied the material in the notes I took in class, my book notes, and index cards I made for vocabulary and the important people. It worked for me pretty well on this exam; however, I am able to see that I need to begin studying further in advance, rather than cramming it in a couple of days. I will be able to study more of the material and will be more likely to master it before exam day. I will also feel more confident when I am in the test. This is because I suffer from extreme text anxiety that causes me to blank on the material so I will take any boost in confidence I can get.

Violence in Video Games

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog

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For this week’s first- impression post I decided to talk about violence in video games. Personally, I have not played any first-person shooter games in depth; however, I have watched multiple people play them. Video games like “Call of Duty” or “Black-Ops” or even “Fortnite”, have become super popular, even in my own friend group. I believe that these games have become increasingly popular due to the idea that if you kill off a lot of people then you win. People love to be winners and that will make them more interested in these games where you could become the winner.  Personally, I am not a fan of shooter games because even though its all a game, I do not like pointing a virtual gun at a virtual person and pulling the virtual trigger. In my mind I do not see that as fun and I find it a bit disturbing at the end of the day. Although, I think there is a line between video game violence and actual violence. I do not believe that video games will cause a person to become a violent shooter. I think if someone is interested in violence, there is an underlying mental illness there which may cause them to turn to video games for a release. I think that for certain people these games are just a way to have fun with themselves and their friends. On the idea of banning them I do not believe it is necessary. I believe that there are age restrictions on games for a reason and that people need to respect them. Little kids that are below 18 should not be able to have access to these games, because they may make bad decisions. Overall, I am not a fan of violent video games; however, I do not see them as an evil thing that needs to be banned and erased. Video games are meant for fun at the end of the day, but also need to be handled maturely; especially, violent video games.

Chapter 2 First Impression- Killers

--Original published at Kaylyn's PSY105 Blog

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I viewed Jim Fallon’s talk about going into the minds of psychopathic killers and what he observed while working with them. The killers he worked with all had damage to their orbital cortex and damage to other brain areas. He also brought up how sex may be a factor because it is carried by an X from the mother. With a female she can get another X chromosome from her father and the gene will move out of her system. Also, trauma may be another area that can influence someone to become a serial killer later in life. If a child experiences extreme trauma at a young age it can affect them later in life. This could be abuse (mental, physical, or sexual) that happens to them or that they watch happen to someone else. He shared a bit of his family tree where he is related to Lizzie Borden and that his father’s side of the family holds many killers. Neuroscience is important because it studies the functions of the brain and can help pinpoint how physical damage may affect mental illness. Certain parts of the brain can contribute to mental illness and can provide another viewpoint on mental illness. Being able to evaluate the brain’s functions is extremely interesting because it is not where we usually think of being evaluated for mental illness. Normally it is seen as a place to be diagnosed with brain issues; such as migraines, at least in my experience. I usually associate mental illness help with psychologists and psychiatrists.