spotlight #2 – stress

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

I chose to look into the management of stress through online sources for this post

The first website I looked into was how stress connects to the lives of athletes and how athletes can find better and effective ways to cop with their stress. This article provided a method and seen to help young athletes reduce stress went by an acronym, P.E.R.F.E.C.T.. This method was created to calm performance anxiety, which overall leads to a better quality of performance.  Athletes are constantly under pressure and carrying a lot on their plate. With this method, it allows them to separate each aspect of the game and how to continue moving forward in a positive light with less stress. The P.E.R.F.E.C.T. acronym stands for positive self-talk, embrace adversity, reverse engineer, focus on the now, evolve, chill out and talk it out. One of the biggest parts of this method for most athletes are the categories of positive self talk and focus on the now. When in action of performance players can focus on mistakes they have made throughout their game, or what they have done that could have been better in the pursuit of getting a win. With positive self-talk, you are able to focus on the rest of the game and have optimism for the potential outcome. Athletes can get into their heads easier and quicker than non athletes do to their love of perfection, success, and the feeling of winning the game. Succeeding is more or less a drug to a person who puts all their time and effort into a sport they love. With the P.E.R.F.E.C.T. method, it allows individuals to categorize the most important aspects of stress and how to handle them, creating a positive and excellent athlete both playing in the game and throughout the classroom.

The second article I looked into touched on how stress connects to high school students and tips that could potentially make things better . This source states that many high school students carry a lot of stress throughout their academic careers, and can take a very big toll of not only ones health, but their grades and even their emotional state. A study done by the American Psychological Association revealed that many high school leveled students feel levels of stress and adult would possess, leading to feelings of being overwhelmed, depressed and feeling as if the stress is taking over their life and a lack of being about to cope effectively is creating more stress. Stress in teens is seen to effect sleeping and diet patterns as well as how much activity and exercise a healthy teen needs to strive. One of the biggest tips that was given throughout this article in relation to reduce stress was taking power naps. With a long list of to dos and what seems like a never ending schedule, students need to make time for rest. Missing sleep can be detrimental to not only a teens health, but anyone of any age category. Finding small areas of time to sleep creates a more productive student who has had time to rest their brain and can use it more efficiently. Couple other tips that seems to be important and popular to teens is eating healthy, getting exercise, positive thinking, and music. All of these things can help with a positive look into facing your day with a reduced amount of stress.

The last article I used as a source spoke about the stress of employees throughout their workplace. The rate of stress for individuals continue to climb as the years progress, but stress is seen in various different environments. In this case, this is about corporate stress and how adults or others ho have a job are stressed and ways it could be reduced of simplified. According to a statement from the CDC’s National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, their recent studied have shown that the number of Americans who say they are feeling “extremely” stressed through their work ranges from 29 to 40 percent. Finding a low stress job seems to be a easy solution, but every job comes with its own sources of street, their is no way to fully avoid it, but their are many ways to face and deal with the problems placed infront of someone in a healthier manner. Some ways that workers can simplify their day and better deal with their stress all starts off with how you start you day. Make sure you make time for yourself, eat a proper breakfast and stay positive. Throughout your day, try to steer clear of conflict, stay organized, comfortable, try not to multitask too many jobs, listen to music, and over all just focus on what needs to be done. If you use all of these factors in a regular day it will hep you reduce your stress inside the workplace.

Overall, these articles showed how many different types of people deal with the issue of stress as well as tips to make it better and how to reduce the amount you take on.


chapter 13 impression post

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

Taking the 4 personality tests, they were all laid out pretty differently. The first three tests were considerably long, asking similar questions, while the last one was two questions, based on what colors you chose in two separate orders. It seemed that most of the tests described my personality in similar characteristics. In 2 of the testes, my personality was named to be ESFP. This is Extravert, sensing, feelings, and perceiving. Th first test labeled me as 69% Extravert, 28% sensing, 41% feeling, and 12% perceiving. ESFP personalities are known to love people, excitement, telling stories, and having fun. Also very spontaneous, outgoing, and impulsive. The second test also described me as ESFP. More characteristics that come along with this personality type is warmth, daringness, caring, smooth, witty, funny, charming, clever, fun to be around, and more than generous. I think this definitely fits into how I would personally describe myself. I am very outgoing, have a wide social group of friends and always have something to say. I am also a very kind and forgiving person, which sometimes I wish I was less of being I am a “pushover” in some situations. The third test broke my personality traits into five different factors including, extroversion, emotional stability, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and intellect/imagination. I score pretty high in the extroversion category, meaning I am a very outgoing and social person. I didn’t score that high in emotional stability, being my lowest result. In agreeableness, I scored relatively high, meaning I am a friendly and optimistic person. I did not score as high on the next category, being conscientiousness, meaning I can be impulsive and disorganized but not too a large extent. And in connection to intellect and imagination, I scored lower, seeming that I am a traditional type of person. In the last test, I did not really understand how It could give us a variety of characteristics of our personality just be an order of which we picked colors.The test results described me as a strong and unwilling total advice from others, as well as stressed, self centered, thinks that no situation can upset me, and much more. I only agreed with about half of the characteristics it labeled me as. I think the first two tests were the most reliable and accurate to hoe I would personally describe myself.

chapter 10 first impression post

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

I like to think I am pretty good at reading peoples emotions through their body language as well as facial expressions. Taking the quiz, I received a 15/20. This is looked at to be better than the average person in connection to reading another expressions. I think the test is credible in the sense of reading others facial expressions due to the faces and all the possible connections and options on emotions you could link to the face shown. The easiest expression to extinguish apart from one another were expressions and happiness and sadness. Harder expressions to read seemed to be attached to feelings of pain, shocked or confused. Many emotions make your face seem to sit in the same sorts of resting. Happiness and sadness are easily recognizable due to the enormous difference in how your face reacts. I think this information is definitely useful in everyday life as well as helpful in understanding how peoples facial expressions really do play a role in communication. Non verbal communication is very big in society. So the trait of being able to read someone well seems to be an important skill. It actually surpasses me how much on daily interaction is nonverbal. I think emotion will be an interesting topic to learn more about.

chapter 9 first impression post

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

Throughout my personal experience in school, a relationship with not only your professor but an understanding of there style of teaching is very important. Not everyone picks up information the same. Different individuals have different ways on remembering information and making in useful throughout the course their teacher is teaching them. Schools should make it more of a priority to understand their impact on a students education. Not only are they responsible for making their students understand the material being taught, but making sure it is sticking and not being forgotten. Interactions between students and teachers or educators create a system and dynamic of how students will continue to learn and their habits tying to school work. Students can’t succeed unless they are understanding the material given to them. Students performances in clad can definitely be increased grade wise if educators may more attention to detail of students personal habits. School should have meetings with students throughout the year, checking through their progress and get a full understanding of how they all learn personally. This suggestion could improve school systems as well as the education of the children attending. Performance in a class room all starts with the teacher. They lay the work out so to speak for their students, but how they interact and connect the students to the material is very important in the success of a student.

Chapter 3 First Impression -Sleep

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

In assessing my current sleep habits, they are not healthy what so ever. On a normal day, I go to sleep no earlier than 1am and no later than 5am. This past week has definitely been my busiest week, giving me not a lot of time to sleep. Making time to do school work, having practice as well as games for volleyball, and then studying and try to work in time to spend with friends and having a social life, this doesn’t really leave a lot of time for me to get a good full night of sleep. In reality, I am looking at an average of 6 hours a day of sleep before starting my day. I try to work in an hour nap whenever I can to try and rejuvenated my body to take on the rest of the day. For most college students, it would be ideal to get at least 8 hours of sleep each night, but in reality I believe most individuals are in the range I am personally in.

To improve my sleeping habits, I am not sure if there is much. During volleyball season, there is really no spare time to sleep more. With time for studying , doing work, working out and having practice, and even making time to have a social life, there is not much to spare. Out of season, there may be more time to improve my sleeping habits. I think I could definitely limit my social life as well as manage my time more wisely school work wise. In college, it is definitely a 360 to high school. I had my day set everyday, with the same schedule. Here there is more time that can slip away from you, making it harder o achieve what you need to get done. I could definitely change my habits of sleep, making it healthier for my overall life and daily activity.

Spotlight Post 1

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

The word “Divorce” used to be taboo many, any years ago. Now it is becoming very common in todays society, leaving marriages with children divided. Divorce is something that many children have to go through, and its not the easiest thing to understand or live through growing up. Personally, my parents got divorced when I was 3 years old. My younger sister was only reaching the age of 1, so she would never grow up to see our parents together at all.  The biggest debate on the topic seems to be whether or not divorce affects kids, either negatively or not at all.

In an article produced by, titled with the name, “The Impact of Divorce on Young Children and Adolescents,” it clearly states that affects are seem throughout children with divorced parents. Though this source seems to relay the fact that age plays a major role, it also shows the general ways children react at several different age ranges. Depending on how young the child is, divorce shapes how the grow. If the child is younger, it can make them grow to be a more dependent person, while if the child is in their adolescent years, it can have them growing to be more independent. Divorce changes someone no matter what age. Having a child see the splitting of their two parents has many affects on them. Seeing love vanish, commitment disappear, a shift in the house they are growing up in, only being with one of their parents at a time, all of these things have a significant affect on a child. Research throughout this article reveals that for younger children, trust becomes a harder thing for them to comprehend. The split creates instability, as well as a feeling of insecurity in a household.

Reading through the Scientific American article , “Is Divorce Bad for Children,” offers the opinion that children grow quickly and adapt well. Divorce is seen as hard on children no matter what, but it just might not damage or hurt them as much as others may think according to this piece of literature. This article was found through a magazine with scientific studies provided along side of it, proving its credibility to the public. Relating to the article, it states that divorce will affect most children but for not as long as every would think. It is more of a short term effect with couple negative characteristics that tag along through the process. expressing anger, shock and anxiety are very common seen through children with divorcing parents. Long term, there studies showed there was little to no difference in children with separated parents.

Looking into other sources, I found an article focusing souly on the steps and ways divorce affects children. In the article from , an article written by Amy Morin was named, “The Psychological Effects of Divorce on Children.” As divorce rates continue to keep climbing, this topic gradually increases with questions. This article seems to line up very well with my first article I found. Most kids are seen to have some type of negative effect by divorce. Kids are even seen to question themselves, asking if it is their fault or why this is happening to their family. Depending on age, it is hard for a child to fully comprehend what is happening around them. Growing up with two parents and then all of a sudden you have to see one of them at a time complete shift the dynamic they grew up knowing to being a normal thing. Different kids have different reactions to divorce but the common factor is confusion. Struggling with the idea of a completely different demeanor throughout the rest of their childhood. Both short and long term negative affects are seen through research in this article. Changes in behavior, school grades, attitude, aggression, and levels of stress are all commonly seen in children with divorced parents. Divorce is negative all around, for every person involved.

Another article seeming to support the fact of divorce not being the worst thing in affecting a childs life came from LIVESCIENCE. The article titled, “Divorce Not Always Bad for Kids,” was written by Rachael Rettner. In this piece, she explains that the worlds view of< “staying together for the kids,” isn’t always the best idea and can cause more damage to them them good. Growing up with parents that have split apart is healthier then seeing your parents fight and disagree constantly. High conflict inside homes creates a sense of disconnect, not only through the connection of both parents in raising their children, but through the relationships of child to parent. Staying together with more conflict seems to cause issues then divorce with less conflict between parents. Each family case is different, but a childs happiness comes from outside factors and a major key to there life is how their parents are living.

As a person with divorced parents, I really do believe it has an extremely negative effect on you as a child. My parents divorced when I was very young, but I grew up with arguments, division, step parents(which made things twice as hard), and a complete split in my family. Having a younger sister, I couldn’t always feels effected because I was looking out for her and how she was feeling most of the time. Not only that, but having to split everything down the middle took meaning out of most family events. Things like holidays, birthdays, vacations, all of these things should be done together as a family unit. In my case, my mom had soul custody of my sister and I, leaving my dad with weekends and couple weekdays every once in awhile. I have always wondered what it would have been like to have parents that would have been together throughout the course of my childhood and how different things could have been today.




chapter 3 1st impression post

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

In my personal opinion, using marijuana recreationally as well as for medical reasons should be legal in all 50 states in the U.S.. As the country continues to debate over the topic of whether or not this drug should be legalized , pros and cons are seen with both. Marijuana definitely carries several advantages and disadvantages, yet society seems to be linking medical and recreational use into the same category.  Both groups use the drug for different purposes.

Looking into medical marijuana, it seems to be providing exceptional results and benefits to the patients it is servicing. there is differences between recreational and medical marijuana. In the content used for medical reasons, different levels of THC as well as CBD are found. Different levels of this is to ensure a sense of pain relief without the emmense feeling of a “high”, felt when using it recreationally. Throughout the use of medical marijuana, strides had been seen in extreme decrease of pain and relief. Patients with diseases such as cancers, HIV, AIDS, etc., that have used medical marijuana tend to see some type of difference or relief in how they are feeling compared to without the drug. In the testing of cannabis, there have not been any long term negative effects on the patient or user. Patients that use this drug are prescribed with a specific amount, giving only what is needed to help.

In the case of recreational marijuana, the goal is completely different. This type is used my every day people just looking to get a high or “buzz” you could say. People who smoke recreationally do not use it for the purposes patients would for medical conditions. Using it frequently builds a high tolerance for the drug, making the user increase its amount of use every so often to continue to have an effect on the body, known as the high. If this was legalized, I could see the wide opinion of shaming the use of marijuana growing. People seem to look down or question ones who use the drug, yet it truly doesn’t hurt anyone. Many see marijuana as an opener or gateway drug to others so to speak, but this drug is very very difference from other drugs such as cocaine, heroin, or prescription pills. I believe that if you are an adult of the age 21, you should be able to do what you see fit for your own personal life.

Chapter 8 First Impression Post

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

Throughout the change from high school to college, college is definitely more demanding in assignments, exams and the amount of studying needed to succeed in course. In high school, I didn’t really have to study too much. My classes were not too challenging for meHabits differ person by person. In my case, procrastination is what hurts me the most. What some do to study may not work for another person. My study habits could definitely use an improvement. In becoming efficient while studying for exams or quizzes, I use writing. Writing things like terms or notes over and over help me memorize the most. I also like to make quizlets and reread what I am typing. This helps me remember where I am typing it and what it says. I also try the flashcard method in some of my classes that carry a lot of terms needed to remember for exams as well through the entire course. I actually studied a considerably long time for this past exam yet seemed to study the most material that didn’t make its way onto the exam. In trying to improve my grade for my next exam, I am going to try more group study. Having someone quiz me as well as studying the same material might help me obtain the information needed for this upcoming test. Another struggle I face in studying is strictly time. Finding time and a lot of it to put aside is hard, especially when you have several core classes as well as a sport to worry about. Having school come first is different for me because throughout my high school career, our school mainly focused on athletics. Athletes would get tutoring and help with studying. I think the only way to thrive in this class is to find methods that best work not just for me but in how the information is given to us as well as how its processed. I will definitely start studying earlier for this exam, as well as try to get a long night of sleep before hand. Staying up and cramming didn’t pan out too well for me. Hopefully all of these changes will help me through my memorization as well as thriving through this next exam.

Chapter One First Impression Post- Research Methods

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

As I looked into topics we cover throughout the duration of this class, one topic stood out to me. Addiction is a very profound controversy in todays society. It correlates with both human behaviors as well as mental processes.

My question would be, If any, what genetic variables inside the human body make some susceptible to addition more then others?

Hypothesis: Looking into this research question, I believe we will find that genetics do not play a role in the action of addiction.

Explanation of Hypothesis: I think that different aspects of ones background, childhood, parental situation, location of living and social status are variables that increase possibilities of addiction. It seems to be the outer life of a human being rather then the inside, such as their genetic makeup.

For my procedure, I would get a group of participants from all different aspects of life. People from all classes, social structures, an locations will show a variation of results. Although, looking at people from similar lifestyles and up bringings may show comparable results, I feel as if looking into humans lives with less connections will produce a variation of why? Why are some more susceptible to addiction more then others and does it have to do with genetic make up or outside aspects? I would recruit participants with ones looking to answer the same question I am. Most people with addiction in there family have had these thoughts before. Finding the answer of why is difficult and I don’t think there is a direct and complete answer, but looking into the life of others may show the variables needed to support this study. I think with a social media release of the study, many would be interested and willing to comply with the project. Addiction is a very big issue in society and with answers or at least a show of data supporting one result over the other, may help human kind and the evolution of this dilemma.

Blog Creation Post

--Original published at Marisa Psych Blog

Hello. My name is Marisa Krinock and this is the start to my sophomore year at Elizabethtown College. I am a Criminal Justice major with minors in History as well as Pre-law. I am an athlete at this college as a member of the volleyball team. I love the field I am pursuing and believe this course will help me tremendously as I continue to learn different areas and parts of this work.

I chose to take this class because I honestly am interested in the subject and concept of psychology. I do believe that this course is also recommended to take with my major and rightfully so. Not only do I think that understanding human behaviors as well as how others process information important, but very crucial to how society runs and functions as a whole. I have always found psychology interesting. Studying how people act and seeing the make up of brain chemicals that par-take in everyday things such as emotions or even thinking is very intriguing in my personal opinion.

I do not have a background in the subject of psychology. I did however take a basic psychology class in high school and loved it. In that class we focused on nature vs. nuture  scenarios. We discussed a number of very debatable topics. One of my favorite discussions we had was based on serial killers. It was based on whether or not the students felt if certain chosen serial killers we discussed were predisposed to certain things in society, difficult home lives, or mental imbalances and how they contributed to there actions. Looking into the psychological aspect of there actions, we could try to find an answer of why. Why are people different from one another and what are main factors in their actions, such as the ones these killers possessed.

When I here the word “psychology”, I think of the mind. Each person has different makeup. This includes variables of background, parents, home life, economical status, education, location of living and much more. All of these variables contribute to the life one lives and how they live it. Psychology is a branch of science that gives a sense of understanding in why. How and why do people process and act in certain scenarios? This question is not an easy one to answer, but psychology gives steps and different factors that establish a starting platform. Being able to measure and control different aspects and components in someones life can be observed. These observations create data in the levels of science, behavior and mental processes in which humans have on a daily basis. All of these are tide to the mind in one way or another.

After looking into the course syllabus, I found three topics that do intrigue me. The topic of, “What is “Addiction?”” interests me on a personal level as I have seen that throughout my immediate family. In my opinion, addiction is different for everyone. Yes, it is measurable, but everyone has different reasons and contributions to their addictions. Another topic I found interesting was “How to improve memory.” I have an awful long term memory in my opinion. I don’t remember much of my life before the start of middle school. This interests me because my sister can remember small little details from when we were little kids that I don’t even remember happened. And lastly, I found “Psychotic, Traumatic, and Personality Disorders” interesting. I don’t know a lot of about this topic which is the main reason it interests me. Three topics that didn’t really catch my eye or that I would personally think were interested consisted of “Obedience”, “Psychiatric Medication”, and “How to chose a Therapist”. All of these topics didn’t catch because of the titles. I am person that looks and covers of books and decides if they look interesting from that. I hope I learn something not just from these subjects, but all of them.

One question that I would like to get an answer to throughout the span of this intro psychology class is based off addiction. I want to learn more about the different elements of this very big issue in todays society. I don’t think there is really a direct answer, so I am looking for a thicker sense of understanding aspects of it. Why is it such a huge issue in todays world, and how can it possibly be contained or even reduced? This is my question for this course.