Bonus Blog Prompt – Theoretical Lenses in Psychology

--Original published at Tyler's Ideas

Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommates. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.

 

Psychodynamic: Psychodynamics focuses on internal drives. The fact that he is a perfectionist and not doing well in school will most likely make him irritable therefore causing him to pick fights with his roommate.

Behaviorist: A behaviorist may state that through examination and analysis. His lack of sleep could be the reason he is irritable and picking fights with his roommate. Without correction, Miguel will probably continue this behavior. The fact that he is a perfectionist may mean that he has OCD.

Humanistic: Miguel may not be reaching is full potential and therefore may be having trouble because of that. Humanistic psychology emphasizes the approach to study the whole person and the uniqueness of each individual. Due to the fact that Miguel is not performing to his greatest ability, he could be getting mad at himself for his mistakes.

Cognitive: Cognitive psychology focuses on mental processes. His lac of sleep has most likely slowed down his cognition and therefore weakened things like attention, language use, problem solving, creativity, and thinking. All these reasons may lead to a struggle with classwork. Therefore the reason he is struggling in school is due to his lack of sleep and slow mental processing.

Neuroscience: Due to Miguel’s lack of sleep, his brain is most likely not functioning correctly. He could potentially be suffering from insomnia which would explain his inability to sleep, bipolar disorder, which would explain his irritability, or OCD, which would explain his need for perfection.

Cultural: The pressure from Miguel’s surrounding culture may lead him to be hard on himself when he does not perform to the best of his ability. If his culture demands good grades and he isn’t doing well, it could put pressure on him causing him to stay up at night and become irritated.

BONUS POST- Describing Miguel’s Behavior

--Original published at Site Title

“Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommates. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.”

Psychodynamic: Psychodynamically, Miguel’s behaviors could be explained by repressed memories from his childhood, or even unconscious desires. It is possible that as a child, Miguel was not very good at school and would get bullied because of it, or his parents would get angry at him and push him to be better. Now as his school work starts to pick up, he begins to struggle and doubts his abilities because he thinks back to those hard times in his life.

Behavioral: From a behavioral perspective we take a look at Miguel’s observable behaviors. It has been seen that Miguel is always tired due to his lack of sleep which causes him to be irritable during the day and he also picks fights with his roommates.  One would also be able to see Miguel’s angry outbursts when he makes even the tiniest mistakes due to his perfectionist personality.

Humanistic: The humanistic perspective focuses on the individuals worth. Based on the overview of Miguel, we can conclude that he probably has poor self worth right now as he gets mad at himself easily. Being a perfectionist could be counted as a strength, but during this time in Miguel’s life I think it would be seen more as a weakness contributing to his anger and irritability.

Biological(Neuroscience): From a neuroscience perspective we look behavioral genetics or tendencies. It is possible that one of his parents or another family member has had trouble sleeping or even suffered from sleep illness and it has been passed down to him. He could have also developed his perfectionist personality from a family member as well. Evolutionary psychology, or adaptations are also looked at when using the neuroscience approach. If it was a family member that as passed on the sleeping problems, over time it is possible that they have adapted and learned to live this way without it effecting their everyday lives, and over time Miguel adapt as well. In addition, Miguel could participate in a sleep study where they look at what parts of his brain are active while he is trying to sleep to get to the roots of his problem.

Social-Cultural: From a social-cultural perspective it could be seen very disrespectful from Miguel’s roommates that he is picking fights with them especially if they differ in social/cultural backgrounds. His aggression and picking fights could also be a result of seeing his parents argue as a child, so he thinks that is what is normal and accepted by society. Also depending on the culture, it is expected to be perfect and if mistakes are made, they can be punished, so that could contribute to Miguel’s personality and anger issues as well.

Extra Credit: Theoretical Lenses

--Original published at Bailey PSY 105 Blog

Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommates. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.

 

Psychodynamic: Psychodynamically, Miguel could be experiencing something akin to the ‘snowball effect.’ It is possible that missed a few hours of sleep one night, then wasn’t able to get to bed early the next night. This could have formed the pattern of behavior that has now led to him not being able to sleep when he should be. This lack of sleep could also result in his aggression and irritability to those around him. 

 

Behavioral: Miguel’s coarse behavior toward his friends and roommates could be a result of many things. One being his lack of sleep having an affect on his patience, and another possibility is that he was rude to them once, and they allowed it, so now he feels as though there are no repercussions. When Miguel’s friends did not reprimand or confront him for his initial behavior, he likely realized that it was acceptable to treat them this way and felt no need to alter his way of dealing with them. This escalated into him constantly being short and irritable with everyone around him. 

 

Humanistic: As stated above, when Miguel’s companions continuously allowed their own mistreatment, Miguel may have placed a lower value on human correction or interaction. He may have seen a group of people that were allowing him to do things he knew he shouldn’t, and subconsciously began to see them as a group that did not care enough about him to correct his mannerisms.  

 

Cognitive: Miguel’s attention span is likely altered because of his lack of sleep, therefor making him quicker to snap at or argue with his roommates. This also likely has an affect on his self worth because he cannot think clearly enough to recognize why he is making mistakes in class or on homework. This could limit him from seeing a way out of the hole he has dug himself into, and thus make him increasingly more critical of himself.

 

Neuroscience: Neurologically, Miguel’s brain function is likely altered or slowed because of his lack of sleep. Sleep deprivation can lead to the brain cells not communicating effectively, and therefore causing lapses in his mental judgement and processing. This is likely the cause of his struggle in school and lack of patience with his classmates.

 

Cultural: Culturally, one explanation for Miguel’s immense pressure on himself is him coming from an academically rigorous or notoriously successful background. He could be from a place where failure of any kind is magnified and unacceptable, and as a result he is still placing these pressures on himself even though he is away from his home and his family. 

Bonus Blog Post- Miguel

--Original published at Gracie's Blog

“Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommates. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.”

From a psychodynamic approach, Miguel seems to have had trouble in the past, and due to his unconscious mind he is having trouble falling asleep and irritable during the day. If something dramatic in his past happened, he could be thinking about past experiences or having memories which distract him. Miguel’s unconscious mind is uncontrollable, making it hard for Miguel to overcome his behavior. Certain instances during the day may trigger memories or thoughts about his past.

From a behavioral approach, we learn that Miguel is a perfectionist. Since Miguel is a perfectionist, people can physically see the way he reacts to failure or mistakes. If someone was watching Miguel they could observe that Miguel gets angry when he feels what he did is not perfect. Miguel gets mad at himself after messing up, which is something someone can see on the outside.

From a humanistic perspective Miguel needs more sleep and he attempts to get more sleep, but has no luck. Due to his lack of sleep, Miguel has trouble controlling his anger and how fast he gets irritated. Miguel’s studies are also hard for him because he is not getting the sleep he needs to focus academically.  sleep is an important role in a human’s life, and without much sleep Miguel’s behavior does not improve.

From a cognitive approach on Miguel’s behavior, we discover that Miguel gets angry quickly and over little things. Miguel does not take the time to think instances over to react the way he should. Cognitively, Miguel does not have good concentration and struggles with school work so he may not interpret certain subjects the way he should. Miguel also gets in fights with his roommates possibly because he does not think before he speaks and says stuff to make his roommates upset.

From a the neuroscience perspective, Miguel seems to have a short temper and quick to react to certain instances. For example, Miguel gets angry when he does not do things the way he thinks he should. Miguel’s emotions show when he does not do something the way he should, so he doubts himself and that causes him to not try. If someone feels that they cannot do anything right, they start to think they are not good enough. A possible reason why Miguel reacts this way may be because Miguel was always praised for doing such a good job when he was with his family, but now without the encouragement, one little mistake could make Miguel feel like a failure.

From a social-cultural perspective, Miguel’s anger that he shows in public due to not achieving everything could possibly be taken differently depending on someone’s culture. Miguel does not hide his emotions and lashes out on his roommates making it look as if he does not know how to approach a problem like most humans. The way Miguel acts could represent what he saw as a child and he may not see a problem with the way he talks to his roommates, and his roommates take what he says the wrong way.

 

Bonus Blog: Theoretical Lenses in Psychology

--Original published at HuntersCollegeBlog

Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommates. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.

 

Using the theoretical lenses, I’ll explain Miguel’s behavior:

Psychodynamic: Miguel may have problems falling asleep at night and focusing, because his psychodynamic unconscious mind could be keeping him up, forcing him to think about everything else around him that he has to do. His unconscious mind could also be telling him that he’s not good enough, which is why he may think he can’t do anything right, and why he gets mad when he makes a small mistake.

Behavioral: Miguel could’ve picked up his perfectionist tendencies from someone else. He could see them being perfectionist, and not even realize that he too is trying to be like that. When he sees someone else make a mistake, he gets mad too when he makes one because perfectionist are suppose to be perfect. He could be copying their behavior.  He may not think much of it, but if he’s seeing other people act the same way, he could be picking up those behaviors from them, and not even realizing it.

Humanistic: This is focused on personal growth, so if Miguel doesn’t believe that he’s capable of growing, then he won’t. He needs to accept the fact that mistakes are apart of personal growth, and he can’t let that affect him negatively. He doesn’t think he can do anything right, because he isn’t focused on that aspect of personal growth, and he isn’t telling himself that he’s valuable, whether he’s a perfectionist or not.

Cognitive: His thinking patterns could be affecting how he receives information. If he’s constantly thinking about something else while the teacher is giving a lecture during class, he wont be able to remember everything they said, so that will affect his ability to remember, and it will interfere with how he’s processing information, (only in bits and pieces if he’s going in and out of focus). This may also be affecting how he thinks of himself, since cognitive psychology is all about the brain.

Cultural: Some ways of how he’s acting could be based on which cognitive processes are universal and specific. Maybe he specifically was told as a young child that in order to make his parents happy, he had to do everything right, and had to pay attention to everything, and he wasn’t allowed to ever get upset, so its affecting him now, because he isn’t the perfectionist he was taught to be, and he’s snapping at people, which could’ve been a big no no when he was growing up. He could be unfocused as well because as a child he was so used to having to pay attention to everything, that now it’s catching up with him, and he isn’t able to stay on track.

Neuroscience: This includes biological perspective. His behavior could be exactly like his parents’, due to genetics. Maybe one of his parents gets angry easily, and tends to snap. Maybe one of them has a short attention span as well, which could be why Miguel can’t focus in class.

 

Extra Credit Post

--Original published at Rachelsblog

“Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommate. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.”

Based on psychodynamics, Miguel’s problems are not within his consciousness, but within his unconscious mind. He may not know the root of his issues, which is what psychodynamics is all about. Psychodynamics is the about unconscious mind and desires. He may be desiring something he is unaware of. He may have internal issues he is unaware of as well.

Based on behavioral psychology, Miguel may be fighting with his roommate because he sees others doing this kind of behavior. Behavioral psychology has to do with observable behaviors and if he sees others acting in a sort of way, he will tend to do the same. This can also lead back to his unconscious mind, and he may be unaware of what is causing the fighting.

Based on humanistic psychology, Miguel is struggling internally with personal strength. He may feel as if he is not smart enough for the course load he has been handed, since he is clearly struggling with it. He may have doubts about his personal strength which causes him to lash out.

Cognitive psychology studies the brain and its thoughts. Miguel may be struggling in class because there is a lot of information thrown at him and he may have trouble retaining it all. This may cause frustration and may make it hard for him to do his work if he doesn’t fully understand it.

Cultural psychology is the study of how mental processes and behaviors vary across cultures. Miguel may be struggling at home and bring the tension with him to college. He may be feeling pressured by people he has at home. In his education he may have been very smart and top of his class which set a standard for him that he may not be able to reach at the college level. This may explain his frustration with his course load.

Neuroscience is how the brain and body enable memories and emotions and sensory experiences. Miguel is having a difficult time with his course load and this may be caused by a weak ability to memorize the information his professors are giving to him in his classes. All his problems can relate back to neuroscience, considering it is all about his emotions and brain.

Extra Credit- Miguel Scenario

--Original published at Cecilia's Thoughts

Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommate. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.

Based on psychodynamics, his problem is not actually with his roommate, he actually has internal issues going on which is why he is such a perfectionist and gets mad at even himself. Psychodynamics focuses unconscious desires and thoughts rather then his conscious desires.

Behavioral psychology is the study of only observable behaviors, meaning it has nothing to do with thoughts, but just studying a person’s actions. Miguel may have experienced his parents or others around him being irritable and fighting with one another which is why he may act in this way.

Humanistic psychology is a strength-based approach that focuses on personal growth and freedom to choose. Using humanistic psychology, Miguel might be struggling because he feels he has no worth because he is behind with his coursework and with this he then struggles with sleep, and his general mood. He has trouble believing that he can do anything right, which is what humanistic psychology is trying to help, this approach looks for a person’s personal best. Since he has such a negative outlook on himself, this could be the cause of the negativity towards others around him.

Cognitive psychology is an approach that looks at the brain’s processes of memory, learning, and thinking. This approach can be used to describe why Miguel is feeling so behind and overwhelmed. Miguel could have a memory problem, and in college courses, you are given a lot of information that you are expected to remember, this frustration can be the cause of the other problems he is experiencing. Which used cognitive psychology to determine the cause of the problems he is having.

Miguel’s cognitive problems can also be the root of the neuroscientific outlook neuroscience is how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences, so if he has trouble with memory, his problems in coursework can be traced back to neuroscience.  

Cultural psychology is the study of the different cultures and societies and how the differences affect a person’s thinking. Miguel could have been raised in a home and culture where there was a lot of hostility and fighting which would describe why he is fighting with his roommate.

 

Bonus Blog Prompt: Miguel Case Study

--Original published at Jayln's Perspective

Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommate. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.

  1. According to psychodynamics, Miguel’s issues with his roommate and his course load are not at the root of what is actually bothering him. Instead, there is an issue that he is harboring within his unconsciousness. This type of psychology deals with problems that arrive as a result of internal conflict. Miguel may have had a relationship with a parent or relative that negatively impacted him in his adolescence, and is now eating away at him.
  2. Since behavioral psychology only focuses on observable behaviors, such as fighting with a roommate, it is possible to conclude that Miguel’s negative behavior towards his roommate is a result of observing others conducting themselves in the same manner.
  3. According to humanistic psychology, which focuses on personal growth and freedom to choose, Miguel does not feel of value since he is struggling heavily with his course load. This type of psychology could explain why he is so negative towards himself, and as a result, those who live with him.
  4. Based on cognitive psychology, Miguel could have issues with paying attention in class. When there is a lot of information being thrown out in a college lecture, the brain must focus on what to pay attention to. As a result, Miguel being unfocused in class could be an explantation of why he is struggling with his course load.
  5. According to cultural psychology, Miguel may have been raised in a home where he was pressured to do well in school at all costs. This strict upbringing could explain his need for perfection and validation.
  6. According to neuroscience, Miguel’s actions could be a result of behavioral genetics, which are genetic linkages that explain behavior. This means that he could have inherited high levels of stress from a parent. Therefore, this theory could also explain his irritability in class.

Miguel Case Study: Extra Credit Post

--Original published at RachelsCollegeBlog

Miguel has been struggling with his coursework lately. He has felt very tired in recent weeks and has found it difficult to focus on his studies. Even though he is always tired, he has trouble falling asleep at night, is irritable during the day, and picks fights with his roommate. He is a bit of a perfectionist and gets mad at himself when he makes even tiny mistakes. It’s gotten to the point where he doubts his ability to do anything right.

  • Based on psychodynamics, Miguel is not irritated about his homework or really upset with his roommates. He is have a conflict from within. This is probably a conflict that Miguel is not even aware of as it is in his unconscious. It could be a event that happened to him as a young child, that involved school in someway.
  • Based on behavioral psychology, we are only able to conclude that his is irritable, is picking fights with his roommate and has a difficult time falling asleep. He may be getting these behaviors from watching someone else around him acting the same way.
  • Based on humanistic psychology, due to Miguel’s struggle he may feel like he has no worth. That because he is struggling with his course work he doesn’t deserve the love and positivity from others around him. This could be the reason that he is trying to start fights with his roommate.
  • Based on cognitive psychology, Miguel may be maladaptive. He is unable to adapt to the situation that is at hand when it comes to his homework. He is lashing out at his roommate. and he venting his anger and frustration on unhealthy ways.
  • Based on neuroscience, Miguel could have gotten these behaviors through his genes. His mother or father may have passed some of the genes on to him that is making him so irritable and stressed the way he is about his course work.
  • Based on cultural psychology, he my have been brought up in a community that pressured their youth to do well in there coursework, which may also explain his perfectionism. His community may have disapproved of his difficulties he is having. His parents may have also had a part in it, and acted similar then he is acting when they were frustrated or struggling with something.

Miguel Case Study

--Original published at Sydney’s Side

According to psychodynamics, Miguel does not have a problem with his roommate nor is angry that he is not doing his homework right. There is something else that is troubling him in his life, but he is becoming frustrated with other things because he does not realize what is actually wrong. This perspective could explain everything because he is not directly expressing his thoughts, but he is showing them in a different way.

In behavioral psychology, the only thing known for sure is Miguel’s actions and his irritable behavior. He must have learned these actions from someone else around him and when something is not completed according to his standards, he acts out in the way that he has been conditioned to.

Miguel’s actions can be explained with humanistic psychology as well because there can be environmental factors that are stopping Miguel from doing his work well. Being a perfectionist keeps Miguel from being the best version of himself because he is imposing conditions of worth upon himself. He wants everything to be perfect and if it isn’t he beats himself up which hinders his ability to make himself better.

Cognitive psychology shows that Miguel is not processing his reality the way that he should be. The reason he is getting upset and acting out is because of the way he is interpreting the situations around him, not the situations themselves.  For example, if he is picking fights with his roommate, perhaps Miguel is interpreting that his roommate is picking fights with him instead.

With neuroscience, Miguel could be genetically predisposed to acting out or having mental health disorders such as insomnia or bipolar disorder. If his condition is further investigated in this field there could be a connection with his DNA and the way he is acting.

Cultural psychology would look at Miguel’s upbringing and how he was raised to process information.  The ideals that Miguel was raised with could shape the way he thinks in different situations. Miguel could also be acting similarly to the way his parents act, because that is what he grew up with.