First Impression Prompt: Chapter 12

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I chose option one.  This was interesting because I took the IAP tests.  I took the gender-science test and the race test.  While taking these tests you are required to look at different words or pictures that flash rapidly on the screen.  You are assigned a topic for two keys on the keyboard and must click that key if the word or image that pops up fits into that category.  This was very challenging because you are told to do this as rapidly as you can.  Because I was trying to do it so rapidly, I often made slight mistakes when it came to remembering which key was for which category.


I expected to receive different results than what I did, however, the results that I did receive were not that far off of how I expected I would do.  For example, in the race test, it said I had a moderate automatic response to African American and good compared to European American and good.  I expected these two responses to be equal.  What this really means is that I associated good words and thoughts more often with African American images than with European American images.  This was surprising because I never thought I would favor one race over the other at any point in time.  The results I got for gender-science was that I had a moderate automatic association for males with science over females with science.  This was not that surprising because I generally associate males with science more that I would with liberal arts.  I usually view females as being more liberal arts based.


These tests are beneficial for colleges and employment because it gives a insight to how people might respond to certain genders or races, depending on the situation that they are in.  This also allows for the college and employment an opportunity to provide workshops and resources to cut back on these stigmas.


First Impression Post: Chapter 13

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Before taking all four personality tests, I would describe myself as being an organized and outgoing person who overall enjoys the presence of others and strives to make an impacts on other’s lives.  After taking the first personality test, I received the score of ESFJ.  These letters represent extravert, sensing, feeling, and judging.  I agree with this test because I do classify myself as being an extrovert and outgoing.  I also agree with the idea of sensing because I often make decisions based off of how I feel, rather than based solely on intuition.  I am feeling also, because I feel many emotions in situations rather than thinking about the situation.  Finally, I am judging because I am not very go with the flow and I make decisions based off of knowledge and facts.  I found this test reliable because it was based off of a famous personality test that is used by many psychologists.

The second personality test that I took, I scored ESTJ.  I find this interesting be it was very similar to the same results as the first personality test that I took.  The only difference is that instead of feeling, I got the score for thinking.  I think that the results were different because the working of the questions in this personality test were worded in a less confusing manner.  I feel that this test was more reliable because the website was more professional and seemed more scientifically based in the format. There were not ads or banners that would pop up while I was taking the test, unlike all the other tests.

The third personality test that I took, I do not agree completely with the score I received.  This is because I received a higher score for intellect than I did for extroversion.  I always have thought that I am more of a people person rather than an intellectual person. I did not find this test very reliable because there were lots of ads on the screen and it was not very scientific when presenting the results.

The final personality test that I took, I found highly unreliable. When the results were presented, there was improper grammar used and the sentences were not capitalized. I did not agree with these results what-so-ever.  The results that I received were the total opposite of all the results I received from the other tests.

Taking these tests were very interesting and identifying the reliability of these tests was entertaining.


Spotlight Post 2: Option 3

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D.A.R.E., a program that was used to make kids aware of the negative impact drugs have on people’s lives. When the D.A.R.E. program came about, many people were highly supportive of the program because of its main goal. The tactics that D.A.R.E. used to inform the kids about the negative effects of drugs were through the “Just say no!” program. This was where students would meet weekly with a police officer who would inform the students about all the negatives of drugs and alcohol. It was a zero-tolerance based program that made all drugs and alcohol seem equally as bad. With the idea that all drugs and alcohol were equally as bad, students were made out to believe that marijuana and meth were at the same level of badness. This goes the same for alcohol. Many people criticized this program because of this theory.


D.A.R.E. is often questioned for its affectability. There have been many studies done to test the overall effectiveness of the program D.A.R.E. and others like it. Many of these studies are very challenging to find trust worthy because of the small sample sizes along with the lack of random assignment. Despite the challenge of a valid study, there are several studies that analyze the validity and effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. program. In a study by…, it was found that D.A.R.E. had a less than small effect on the use of drugs (Pan). D.A.R.E. was found to have little effect on the significance of children using drugs and alcohol. Many people are bothered by this idea because of the amount of money and time that was invested into making this program grow. I separate study found the same results and stated that the money and time should be focused on other methods or reducing the usage of drugs and alcohol (West). These studies showed that D.A.R.E. ultimately caused an increase in the use of alcohol and drugs in children in their adolescent years. Through this abstinence training, it has been found to not be highly beneficial.


Alcohol and drug abstinence are not the only programs that are taught through out schools. Often sex abstinence programs are often taught in schools. These programs are often used to scare kids out of having sex, yet, there is not scientific evidence to support this method as being the most effective. These programs are often very similar to the D.A.R.E. program. Since the D.A.R.E. program has been proven to not be very effective, I find it highly unbeneficial to be teaching students the abstinence method when regarding sex safety and education. Personally, I believe that threatening kids and scaring them out of having sex is not the best method when it comes to educating them about the dangers. Instead, I believe that schools should have a very open discussion about how to have safe sex, instead of only preaching to students to not have sex at all. If the school educates the students on how to have safe sex instead of how dangerous it is to have unprotected sex, it will educate the students in a productive manner.

In review, the program D.A.R.E. has an overall intention of improving the safety and health of students across the world, however, it has been found not to be very productive at all. Therefore, with this information, I would recommend that instead of teaching abstinence-based sex education to transition to a newer method of teaching this sensitive topic. Overall, D.A.R.E. is not nearly as beneficial or effective as originally expected.

Works Cited
Pan, Wei, and Haiyan Bai. “A Multivariate Approach to a Meta-Analytic Review of the
Effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. Program.” International Journal Of Environmental
Research And Public Health, vol. 6, no. 1, Jan. 2009, pp. 267–277. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3390/ijerph6010267.

West, Steven L., and Keri K. O’Neal. “Project D.A.R.E. Outcome Effectiveness Revisited.”
American Journal of Public Health, vol. 94, no. 6, June 2004, pp. 1027–1029.

First Impression Post: Chapter 9

--Original published at Taylor'sEtownCollegeBlog

Option 1:  Through out high school, I experienced the lot of good teachers along with the awful ones.  One on the things that has made a huge impact on my education was one teacher who said everything was so easy.  Everything that we learned, no matter the difficulty, he always said this is so easy.  I found this extremely discouraging especially when I was struggling with the topic.  Teachers often down play the level of difficulty in a subject and this is often very discouraging to students who are struggling with the material.

One of the best teachers that I have ever had was open to all questions and was constructive in his comments.  When you would ask a question, he would not make a face complaining about the fact that you asked a question.  He would answer the question to the best of his ability and would make sure that you genuinely understood what was happening.  This is what teachers need to change to.  They need to not seem like they are being bothered by the fact that students have questions about the material.  Their job is to teach these students to the best of their ability and in order for students to understand material, they must ask questions.

One benefit that I have gained from my high school experience that lots of other students might not have experienced is the pressure to succeed and to be the best student that you can be before the best athlete or club member.  My school put a large emphasis on the importance of education and good grades.  In my school we were considered student athletes with an emphasis on student being first.  School and academics always came first.  More schools I believe should focus on this idea more because many times it seems like the school is more interested in being the best in football or soccer or basketball and not what is truly important, academics.

This is my view point on how the academic system should change based off of my own personal experiences.




First Impression Post: Chapter 10

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Option 2: Before taking this quiz, I always had thought that I was pretty good at interpreting facial expressions. I pride myself on being able to tell people’s moods based off of their facial expressions and make lots of decisions based off of how people look that day.

After taking the quiz, I found that I was in fact very correct. I scored a 15/20 and it told me that I am better than the average person at reading expressions.  I found that identifying the major and most common emotions the easiest to identify.  For example, I was able to identify anger, happiness, sadness, and fear the easiest.  I believe that these were the easiest for me to identify because these are the most visibly obvious emotions worn on people’s faces.  The emotions such as disgust, shock, love, and desire were the hardest to identify because these emotions are often shown differently on people’s faces.

I could use this information that I found from taking the quiz to work more on being able to identify the more challenging emotions.  I believe that being able to identify emotions on people’s faces is a highly valuable resource because without the ability to, it would be very challenging to communicate with others.  Faces help us to judge how people are responding to us while we talk without the need to verbally tell us how they feel.  Conversations are more meaningful because you are able to directly see how your statements are impacting the person you are talking to.

I believe that this quiz was reliable because it came from Berkeley University.  Often times when universities post quizzes and such, they are scientifically backed and are valid.  Universities are considered a reliable source because of the amount of research and information that is available to them.

This was a very interesting quiz to take and I am happy with my results.  Even though I did well on the quiz, I am still more than happy to work on my analyzing skills to better my connections with others.


Spotlight Post 1

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Divorce is a challenging subject across the board for all of those involved. Many times, children are involved and experience great changes and challenges while going through the very adult process of divorce. Through the increase in the number of divorces, comes different opinions on the effect they have on the children involved. Through this post, both sides will be presented as to how divorce effects the children involved.
Claims are made stating divorce negatively impacts children’s well-being. Studies from the University of Pennsylvania and their department of psychology found, “On the basis of a large, representative sample of children in the United States, we found that those who experienced a marital dissolution were significantly worse off than those who did not, with respect to several measures of problem behavior, academic performance, and psychological distress” (Allison and Furstenburg 546). This source is reliable because of the university that is tied to the research. The University of Pennsylvania is very reliable with their work in which they produce. The side this article is arguing for is, divorce negatively impacts the children’s lives. It provides statistics showing the correlation between the age and gender of the child and the performance in class along with the teacher’s perspective and the parent’s perspective. It was found that the amount of depression found in boys whose parents went through a divorce were statistically significantly higher than those whose parents were not divorced (Kalter et al 611). This means it was found divorce increases the amount of depression in boys compared to those whose parents were not divorced. This information shows divorces negative impact on children’s well-being. This information was found by several doctors and was supported and published by the American Psychological Association. The idea of the American Psychological Association publishing this information makes it extremely trust worthy. Also, the information was found using a psychology database that sorts through the articles and guarantees they are valid and academic sources to use. This information proves that divorce negatively impacts a child’s well-being.
On the other hand, there is information stating, divorce does not cause a disruption in a child’s well-being. Information was found comparing the involvement of parents in a child’s life between children who came from a divorced family situation and a traditional family situation. It was found, children from the divorced family situation thought both of their parents were involved in their life, while several children who had married parents thought one parent was more involved in their life than another (Gantis et al 317). This information shows however a child might be coming from a divorced family, they might not have a lower amount of well-being. The information is reliable because all the authors had their PhD. and worked for a college together. It has been found children who go through divorce in the family experience hardships, however, many of these hardships were present before the divorce (Haggerty et all 66). It has also been found that these challenges improve over time after the divorce has occurred (Haggerty et al 66). This information shows how divorce ultimately can improve the lives of the children because while the parents were together there could have been extreme anger and stress caused to the children. This information is reliable because it is published by Cambridge University. Cambridge is a very reliable source and is world known for their trustworthiness.
In my opinion, divorce is often the correct answer. This is, however, depending on the circumstances as to why the divorce is coming about. If the parents are divorcing because of violence or complete anger. If the parents are constantly in conflict with one another, this ultimately causes strain on the child’s life. If divorce will reduce the amount of strain and conflict in the child’s life, divorce I believe is an effective option to reduce the negativity of the child’s life. These reasons are why I believe divorce is valid as a solution in certain conditions.


Works Cited
Allison, Paul D. and Frank F. Furstenberg. “”How Marital Dissolution Affects Children: Variations by Age and Sex.”.” Develpmental Psychology (1989): 540-549. EBSCOhost.

Deborah Gantis, et al. “”Do the Kids Think They’re Okay? Adolescents’ Views on the Impact of Marriage and Divorce.” .” Journal of DIvorce and Remarriage (2013): 313-328. EBSCOhost.
Neil Kalter, et al. “”Predictors of Children’s Post Divorce adjustment.”.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry (1989): 605-618. EBSCOhost.
Robert J. Haggarty, et al. “”Stress, Risk, and Resiliance in Children and Adolescents,”.” Cambridge University Press (n.d.). EBSCOhost.

Chapter 3 First Impression Post: Option 1

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Imagine having cancer and not being able to eat because you feel no form of hunger. Medical marijuana is often used in cancer patients for this reason. My cousin had AML Leukemia and because of her chemo, she did not feel hungry and her stomach was always upset. Her doctor prescribed her medical marijuana that did not have any of the addictive qualities but had the substance that provides the feeling of the munchies. The use of the marijuana helped her to maintain a healthy weight through out the cancer process as well as have the drive to eat. This is a benefit of medical marijuana. On the other hand, I can see the negatives that are associated with the use of medical marijuana. Some negatives might be that doctors will prescribe medical marijuana to patients that do not actually need the prescription. This could be an issue because people who do not need the drug might abuse it and in the long run have more health problems than what they originally had.
I do not agree with the use of marijuana for recreational use. I believe that marijuana is a gateway drug that once it is used makes your body more reliant on other substances to feel a certain way. For example, if you use marijuana you might not get the same high and then since the marijuana is not giving you the feeling that you want, you will adventure bigger and stronger drugs. On the other hand, I can see the positives for legalizing recreational marijuana. It is beneficial because the current amount of money that is invested into the us prison system is wasted on those with charges for dealing marijuana and minor offenses like this.
In my opinion I believe that medical use of marijuana should be legal but recreational use of marijuana should not be legal because of the reasons listed above.

Chapter 8: First Impression Post, option 1

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For the exam that was just taken in psychology, I looked over my notes, reviewed some terms that I did not know the definition of on Quizlet and looked over some multiple choice problems. This did not work well for me. What I did well was reviewing the terms because I was not memorizing the location on the page where the word was. Often while studying I would get distracted by the music that I was listening to or if people were talking in the room or directly to me. I also did not do well at reviewing my notes after each class. I have instead after each class been reviewing my notes and rewording things that I find slightly confusing. I also found when I took notes on the PowerPoint, I was not absorbing as much information because I was not writing everything down. All the information was already copied down for me. I am instead now taking notes without the PowerPoints in front of me. This is helping me to imprint the information in my memory because writing things down helps me to remember things. I also need to improve the time in which I study for exams. This first exam, I studied the day before the exam and stayed up late. This has been shown to decrease the amount of information retained during the time of studying. Instead of staying up very late studying the night before, I will instead start studying a couple of days before the exam. Along with starting to study earlier in the week, I also will get a good night rest the night before the exam. The study habits I used for the first exam were not successful and therefore I must change my ways and by making these slight changes, I should be able to improve my exam skills.


Chapter 7: First Impression Post Option 2

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I believe violent video games are beneficial to an extent. The violence in video games allows for an expression of anger so the people who play the games do not show the physical violence. Violent video games are a way for those with anger issues to release this said anger and relax. These games also often require lots of problem-solving skills and team work and many citizens who play these games can benefit from the improvement of these skills. I do not however, agree with the amount of guts and gore of the video games. I believe the graphicness of the games is not needed and only adds a gruesomeness to the game. Also, I do not think that children of any age should be allowed to play these games because they can be influenced by the amount of violence.

I do not believe violent video games should be allowed to be permanently banned. This is a civil right to play these games and the government should not be allowed to take that away. I personally do not play violent video games; however, they are often a crucial part of many teenagers lives along with adults. The games are often interactive between other people from different countries and cities and towns and helps to foster interact that could otherwise never happen. For people who are self-conscious and shy around others face to face, the violent video games often provide an option for interaction between those who are not as comfortable with face to face interaction.

Chapter Two First Impression~NeuroScience

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I chose the talk that about “Exploring the Mind of a Killer” because I find it highly interesting as to why people are the way that they are. I also watch many CSI and crime investigation shows that analyze why and how people become psychopaths and such. The talk spoke about how different injuries to the brain and the time period in which they occurred impact the way that you develop as a human. The scientist that was speaking analyzed several brains and how they were similar and or different. He found that there is a correlation between injuries in certain areas of the brain and behavior. He also found that there is a gene that is passed down on the X chromosome that carries the gene for violence. This gene is often found in males and therefore, more men turn out to be psychotic and serial killers. What I found most interesting in the video was that there is more than how you are raised that impacts a person’s personality, right down to their genes. I found this presenter trustworthy because he is a professor at the University of California and is a neuroscientist that is known around the world for his studies of the brain. Also, the reputation of TED talks is very god because they hire and broadcast videos and documents that are traditionally presented by those of quality work and study.
For myself personally, I would be interested in finding what the top causes of injury to the brain is that causes someone to become a psychopathic killer. I would conduct this research by taking all the known psychopathic killers and taking a scan of their brain and looking at their health record and getting information from family about the life and major psychosocial events in the psychotic person’s life. Then I would take all the information that I was given and compare it. The other way that I could possibly do an experiment for this question is by taking children who carry the gene for violence and watching them grow and develop into adulthood. I could also then watch for psychotic tendencies and see if there was a correlation.